Paediatrics- use of smartphones

Image The problematic overuse of electronic devices, in particular smartphones, is negatively affecting the lives. Cell phone technology has advanced its capabilities with smartphones to now easily provide children and teens with endless access to the internet, social media, and other online activities. Research is showing that addictive, smart phone activities of youth in their formative years is directly impacting their wellbeing. The excessive time youth spend on their smartphones results in less human interaction, sleep, exercise, and productivity, as well as, increased risk of exposure to inappropriate or violent online media, anxiety, and depression. The purpose of this column is... Read More

The smart use of smartphones in paediatrics

Image The problematic overuse of electronic devices, in particular smartphones, is negatively affecting the lives. Cell phone technology has advanced its capabilities with smartphones to now easily provide children and teens with endless access to the internet, social media, and other online activities. Research is showing that addictive, smart phone activities of youth in their formative years is directly impacting their wellbeing. The excessive time youth spend on their smartphones results in less human interaction, sleep, exercise, and productivity, as well as, increased risk of exposure to inappropriate or violent online media, anxiety, and depression. The purpose of this column is... Read More

COVID-19 PATHOGENESIS

Image A novel coronavirus caused a series of acute respiratory diseases in Wuhan, China. The disease caused by this virus was termed COVID-19 later. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread at unprecedented speed all over the world. The first outbreak of COVID-19 was in Wuhan, China, where Chinese anesthesiologists had to encounter increasing numbers of infected patients since December 2019. The first case of COVID-19 was reported in early December 2019 in and it was called as pneumonia. Approximately 15 to 20% of patients with COVID-19 required some form of oxygen therapy and ventilation support.This virus transmits between humans and... Read More

Animal Care during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Image In the framework of the Covid-19 pandemic, the health organizations draw attention to the roles and responsibilities of the veterinary profession for public health. They highlight the specific veterinary activities which are key to ensure a continuum in food safety, disease prevention and emergency management of animals. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses. Some coronaviruses cause cold-like illnesses in people, while others cause illness in certain types of animals, such as cattle, camels, and bats. Some coronaviruses, such as canine and feline coronaviruses, infect only animals and do not infect humans. Some coronaviruses that infect animals can be spread... Read More

Study of Human Physiology

Image The term "anatomy" is commonly taken to refer to human anatomy. However, substantially the same structures and tissues are found throughout the rest of the animal kingdom and the term also includes the anatomy of other animals. The term zootomy is also sometimes used to specifically refer to non-human animals. The structure and tissues of plants are of a dissimilar nature and they are studied in plant anatomy. Humans have the overall body plan of a mammal. Humans have a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), two arms and hands, and two legs and feet. Generally, students... Read More

Anatomical Science and Study

Image Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. In some of its facets, anatomy is related to embryology and comparative anatomy, which itself is closely related to evolutionary biology and phylogeny. Human anatomy is one of the basic essential sciences of medicine. It is the study of parts of all creatures living, human, animals. It tells you about muscles, skeletons, arteries and systems. It tells you what is the creature are formed of. The term "anatomy" is commonly taken to refer to human anatomy. However, substantially the same structures and... Read More

Philosophy of Psycho-cardiology

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis. The Journal of Dual Diagnosis mainly focuses in the field of Substance Use Disorder, co-occurring disorders, dementia, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimer Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, and Anxiety Diagnosis. It is an area of great interest for specialists in addiction medicine, as patients with dual diagnosis pose special diagnostic and management... Read More

Neurokinin receptors

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis. The neurokinins are a class of peptide signaling molecules that mediate a range of central and peripheral functions including pain processing, gastrointestinal function, stress responses, and anxiety. Recent data have linked these neuropeptides with drug-related behaviors. Specifically, substance P (SP) and neurokinin B (NKB), have been shown to influence responses to alcohol, cocaine, and/or opiate drugs. SP... Read More

Obesity and food addiction

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis.The journal invites different types of articles including original research article, review articles, short note communications, case reports, Editorials, letters to the Editors and expert opinions & commentaries from different regions for publication. A standard editorial manager system is utilized for manuscript submission, review, editorial processing and tracking which can be securely accessed by the authors, reviewers and editors... Read More

Methamphetamine drug abuse and addiction

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis. The Journal of Dual Diagnosis mainly focuses in the field of Substance Use Disorder, co-occurring disorders, dementia, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimer Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, and Anxiety Diagnosis. It is an area of great interest for specialists in addiction medicine, as patients with dual diagnosis pose special diagnostic and management... Read More

Role of stress in drug addiction

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis.The Journal of Dual Diagnosis mainly focuses in the field of Substance Use Disorder, co-occurring disorders, dementia, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimer Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, and Anxiety Diagnosis. It is an area of great interest for specialists in addiction medicine, as patients with dual diagnosis pose special diagnostic and management problems. ... Read More

Psychological abuse and substance abuse distress: Dissatisfaction

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis. The Journal of Dual Diagnosis mainly focuses in the field of Substance Use Disorder, co-occurring disorders, dementia, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimer Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, and Anxiety Diagnosis. It is an area of great interest for specialists in addiction medicine, as patients with dual diagnosis pose special diagnostic and management... Read More

Hayes Ability Screening Index

Image Dual Diagnosis: Open Access is a peer-reviewed and open access journal with an aim to provide rapid and reliable source of information in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. There is an increasing interest in screening instruments to detect intellectual disability (ID) in a quick and accurate way in mental health services as well as in the criminal justice system in order to provide appropriate support for people with undetected needs... Read More

Acute Massive Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding From a Dieulafoy Lesion in the Anorectal Junction

Image Dieulafoy's lesions are one of the rarest causes of lifethreatening gastrointestinal bleeding. These lesions account for 1-2% of the causes of gastrointestinal bleeding, especially where the source cannot be identified. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman presented with massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to an Anorectal Dieulafoy lesion. In this report, we present our experience using operative approach to control bleeding from Anorectal Dieulafoy lesion after failure of endoscopic approach, along with review of literature. Dieulafoy's disease is one of the rarest causes of lifethreatening gastrointestinal bleeding, characterized by a submucosal arterial lesion associated with... Read More

The Effects of Reminiscence Therapy on Depressive Symptoms among Elderly

Image Depression is common among elderly, it can effects on their quality of life and cause severe emotional pain, decline in their physical function. There are many systematic reviews studies of reminiscence therapy and depression has formed reliable results. Recent findings from a systematic review propose that reminiscence therapy is an effective treatment for depression in older adults. Overall, the summary estimates of analyses propose a correlation between reminiscence therapy and depression. Additionally, symptoms of depression in older adults are often looked out and untreated because they concur with other problems, it can effects the... Read More

Uncontrolled Proliferation of Glandular Type Cells Leads to form Prostate Cancer

Image Uncontrolled Proliferation of Glandular Type Cells Leads to form Prostate Cancer PROSTATE CANCER Adenocarcinoma, the most common form of prostate cancer, is an uncontrolled proliferation of glandular type cells. Prostate cancer can grow and invade surrounding structures, obstruct the bladder outlet and metastasize widely often to bone where it causes painful lesions and pathological fractures. Obstruction can cause urinary retention which, if not relieved, can result in kidney damage. Although rare in men younger than 40 years, prostate cancer incidence increases with each subsequent decade and is present in virtually every man who reaches the ninth decade. The prostate... Read More

Measures to Prevention of Kidney Stones

Image Measures to Prevention of Kidney Stones Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics. Usually, the fluid in urine prevents waste products from coming into contact with each other. However, kidney stones can begin to form when there is not enough fluid or too much solid waste content in the urine. Though most kidney stones develop in the kidneys, they can form anywhere in the urinary tract. Dehydration is the primary risk... Read More

Research Published paper in Journal of Imaging & Interventional Radiology (First)

Image The thoracic duct (TD), as the largest lymphatic vessel, drains approximately three quarters of the body’s lymph into the venous system. In general, the thoracic duct derives from retroperitoneal cisterna chyli, ascends along the spine, and terminates in the venous angle, the region of the junction of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein. The cisterna chyli, as a conduit for the lipid products of digestion by receiving fatty chyle from the intestines, results from the convergence of two lumbar lymphatic trunks and the intestinal trunk. The cisterna chyli is a dilated sac located posterior... Read More

Surpassing Expectations - A Novel Use of Flow Diverting Stent

Image Internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare pathologies. Endovascular treatment of these disorders is new and emerging field of interventional neurology. A 50 year old male presented to our unit with progressive headaches, visual disturbance and panhypopituitarism. Investigations revealed a giant fusiform right cavernous internal artery aneurysm (39 x 33 x 37 mm). He underwent endovascular treatment with a Surpass flow diverting stent and subsequently developed a cavernous sinus syndrome and carotid-venous fistula. A novel stent-in-stent technique was utilized and a Surpass Streamline 3 x 25 mm flow-diverting stent was placed across the fistulating zone of the initial stent, with clinical... Read More

Gynecologic and Obstetric Imaging

Image On behalf of the journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome clinical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access. The journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion... Read More

Recent Published case study in Case Reports

Image A 49-year-old woman presented with exertional dyspnea of NYHA class III and was diagnosed to be a case of rheumatic heart disease and was in atrial fibrillation. Her echocardiography showed severe mitral stenosis, pulmonary arterial hypertension and a non-homogeneous lesion in left atrial appendage of 19 mm×15 mm size suggestive of an organized thrombus (Figure 1). She was planned for surgical assessment followed by mitral valve replacement and a pre-operative coronary arteriography was done as per the protocol. Coronary arteriography showed codominant circulation with a coronary cameral fistula noted which fed the organized mass of left atrial appendage. The coronary cameral fistula... Read More

First published case report article in Case Reports

Image Case Report: A 58-year old man presented to the breast surgery clinic with a progressively increasing right breast prominence. About 7 years ago he had undergone excision of a right breast mass, which turned out to be an interpectoral lipoma. His MRI was done, and it showed a lipomatous mass confined to the right interpectoral region suggestive of recurrence of the lipoma. An ultrasound guided core biopsy excluded sarcoma. The mass was completely excised surgically. Final pathology confirmed a recurrent interpectoral lipoma. Introduction: Intermuscular lipomas constitute a small percentage of adipocytic neoplasms unlike the subcutaneous lipomas which are fairly common.... Read More

Musculoskeletal Imaging

Image On behalf of the journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome clinical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access. The journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion... Read More

Photonics and its Applications

Image Photonics and its Applications American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (IPACSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Here we gave a brief note on Photonics and its Applications. Photonics is the physical science of light (photon) generation, detection, and manipulation through emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing, switching, amplification, and sensing. Though covering all light's technical applications over the whole spectrum, most photonic applications are in the range of visible and near-infrared light. The term photonics developed as an outgrowth of the first practical semiconductor light emitters invented in the early 1960s and optical fibers developed in the 1970s. Applications Applications... Read More

Quantum computing and its Applications

Image Quantum computing and its Applications American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (IPACSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Here we gave a brief note on Quantum computing and its Applications. Quantum computing is the use of quantum-mechanical phenomena such as superposition and entanglement to perform computation. Computers that perform quantum computations are known as quantum computers. Quantum computers are believed to be able to solve certain computational problems, such as integer factorization (which underlies RSA encryption), substantially faster than classical computers. The study of quantum computing is a subfield of quantum information science. Quantum computers could spur the development of new breakthroughs in... Read More

Factors and Prevention of Head and Neck Cancer

Image On behalf of the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 5th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Cancer Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access. The Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication... Read More

Increased warming in latest generation of climate models likely caused by clouds

Image Description As Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to welcome you to Our Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies. The Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies aims to spread knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Eco-Toxicology. The open access journal is published by Insight Medical Publishing who hosts open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes conferences that hosts the work of researchers in a manner that exemplifies the highest standards in research integrity. Abstract   As scientists work to determine why some... Read More

CHEMOTHERAPY

Image On behalf of the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 5th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Cancer Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access. The Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication... Read More

Hepatic Fibrogenesis

Image Liver cirrhosis is increasingly becoming the major cause of global health burden. It originates through a dynamic process of liver fibrogenesis and fibrosis. Excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix comprising collagen, glycoproteins and other components alter the organization of liver lobule into fibrotic histology. Fibrogensis deprive the hepatocytes from oxygen and nutrients supply leading to necrosis which impedes the metabolic exchange between blood and liver cells. Fibrogenesis initiated as a response to liver injury is an integrated process involving complex molecular, cellular and histological changes towards the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix. Molecules like growth factors, proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, reactive oxygen... Read More

Uveitis: Immunity, Genes and Microbes

Image Uveitis is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide and is comprised of a clinically heterogenous group of subtypes with diverse etiologies. A widely accepted hypothesis is that infectious agents and immunological abnormalities in genetically susceptible individuals may be responsible for the initiation and chronicity of uveitis. The majority of these uveitis subtypes are multifactorial, with the contribution of genetic inheritance, immune dysregulation and gut microbiota abnormalities all playing a part. Both innate and adaptive immune responses are reported to be actively involved in the development of uveitis. Th1 cells were the first subtype of T cells shown to... Read More

Viral infections

Image On behalf of the Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been ten long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. The Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality... Read More

Bacterial infections in older adults

Image   On behalf of the Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been ten long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. The Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high... Read More

Mammography radiology

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy

Image Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is a rare form of dysautonomia in which the patients immune system produces ganglionic anti-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies, inhibiting ganglionic AChR currents and impairing transmission in autonomic ganglia. Symptoms onset can be acute, subacute or gradual. Signs and symptoms Although symptoms of AAG can vary from patient to patient, symptoms are dysautonomia. Hallmarks include: Gastrointestinal dysmotility, including lack of appetite, nausea, constipation, diarrhea Anhidrosis (decreased ability to sweat), often preceded by excessive sweating Bladder dysfunction (neurogenic bladder) Small fiber peripheral neuropathy Severe orthostatic hypotension Pupillary dysfunction Syncope (fainting) Sicca syndrome (chronic dryness... Read More

Computed Tomography (CT) Automatic Exposure Controls (AEC) Testing Protocol Using a CelT Phantom

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

Malassezia Furfur

Image Malassezia yeast exist on all humans and have long been associated with healthy and diseased skin. In this Article Collection of Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology; Fungal Pathogenesis, we will present multiple papers outlining the state of the art in understanding the role Malassezia in skin health and disease. Over the last thirty years, the term “microbiome” has grown exponentially in scientific discourse, generating hundreds of thousands of publications and patents. Although the human-associated microbial community consists of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and archaea, the vast majority of these publications have been limited to gut bacteria. Only in the two... Read More

Cardiovascular disease- lifestyle changes

Image Cardiovascular disease- lifestyle changes Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.It's usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries (atherosclerosis) and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes.CVD is one of the main causes of death and disability in the UK, but it can often largely be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle. Our Journal welcomes submissions of manuscripts on the topics covering Atherosclerosis, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Cardiac ischemia, Plaque... Read More

Echocardiogram- sound waves

Image Echocardiogram- sound waves Our Journal welcomes submissions of manuscripts on the topics covering Atherosclerosis, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Cardiac ischemia, Plaque Attacks, Heart failure, Arrhythmia, Bradycardia, Tachycardia, Heart Valve problems, Angina, heart failure, etc. In the quality perspective, the journal is determined to maintain an exceptionally high standard in both facts and ethics. Accuracy and authenticity in the scientific reports of present journal are conserved above all nominal needs of the time. Echocardiogram: This test uses sound waves to produce video images of your heart in motion. During this test, specialists hold a wandlike device (transducer) on your chest. Doctors... Read More

Diabetic Ketoacidosis in COVID-19: unique concerns and considerations

Image Diabetic Ketoacidosis in COVID-19: unique concerns and considerations While individuals with diabetes appear to be at similar risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection than those without diabetes, they are more likely to suffer severe consequences, including death. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common and potentially lethal acute complication of diabetes arising from a relative insulin deficiency, which occurs more often in those with type 1 diabetes and in the setting of moderate to severe illness. Early reports indicate that among patients with preexisting diabetes, DKA may be a common complication of severe COVID-19 and a poor prognostic sign. This clinical perspective... Read More

MXenes

Image MXenes are a class of two-dimensional inorganic compounds. These materials consist of few-atoms-thick layers of transition metal carbides, nitrides, or carbonitrides. First described in 2011, MXenes combine metallic conductivity of transition metal carbides and hydrophilic nature because of their hydroxyl or oxygen terminated surfaces. STRUCTURE Scanning electron microscope image of the MXene produced by HF-etching of Ti3AlC2. As-synthesized MXenes prepared via HF etching have an accordion-like morphology, which can be referred to as a multi-layer MXene (ML-MXene), or a few-layer MXene (FL-MXene) when there are fewer than five layers. Because the surfaces of MXenes can be terminated by functional groups, the naming convention Mn+1XnTx can be used, where T... Read More

LISICON

Image LISICON is an acronym for LIthium Super Ionic Conductor, which refers to a family of solids with the chemical formula Li2+2xZn1−xGeO4.  The crystal structure of LISICON consists of a network of [Li11Zn(GeO4)4]3- as well as 3 loosely bonded Li+. The weaker bonds allow for the lithium ions to easily move from site to site, not needing to break strong bonds to do so.  Also, this structure forms large “bottlenecks” between the interstitial positions which these ions occupy, additionally lowering the energy required to move from site to sit. These two factors allow for the lithium ions to diffuse quickly and easily through the structure.  However, because of the shape... Read More

Human Papillomavirus

Image Dentistry and Craniofacial Research is one of the best open access journals that aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in this field and provide online access without any restrictions or subscriptions to researchers worldwide. The scientists, professors, research scholars can publish their high quality papers for worldwide viability on our online platform. Manuscripts can be submitted through Editorial tracking system. http://www.imedpub.com/editorial-tracking/index.php Journal of Dentistry and Craniofacial Research will support authors by posting the published version... Read More

Cardiac Hypertension

Image Cardiac Hypertension Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart conditions caused by high blood pressure. The heart working under increased pressure causes some different heart disorders. Hypertensive heart disease includes heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, and other conditions. Hypertensive heart disease can cause serious health problems. It’s the leading cause of death from high blood pressure. Our Journal welcomes submissions of manuscripts on the topics covering Atherosclerosis, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Cardiac ischemia, Plaque Attacks, Heart failure, Arrhythmia, Bradycardia, Tachycardia, Heart Valve problems, Angina, heart failure, etc. In the quality perspective, the journal is determined to... Read More

Narrowing of the arteries

Image Narrowing of the arteries Our Journal welcomes submissions of manuscripts on the topics covering Atherosclerosis, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Cardiac ischemia, Plaque Attacks, Heart failure, Arrhythmia, Bradycardia, Tachycardia, Heart Valve problems, Angina, heart failure, etc. In the quality perspective, the journal is determined to maintain an exceptionally high standard in both facts and ethics. Accuracy and authenticity in the scientific reports of present journal are conserved above all nominal needs of the time. Coronary arteries transport blood to your heart muscle. When high blood pressure causes the blood vessels to become narrow, blood flow to the heart can slow or... Read More

Immune outposts inside kidney tumors.

Image Immune outposts inside kidney tumors. Patients with well-supported immune cells in their tumors are more likely to control their cancers' growth for a longer time findings that could guide treatment decisions after surgery for kidney cancer. In addition, ongoing work has found the observation is broadly applicable to many cancer types, and could help researchers expand the dramatic but sparse benefits of cancer immunotherapy to more people. CD8 T cells hunt down and eliminate intruders in this case, cancer cells. In patients with high levels of CD8 T cells residing in their tumors, their immune systems appeared to be better... Read More

Regulation of cyclic electron flow

Image It has been indicated that cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I (PSI) plays an important role in photosynthesis and photoprotection in plants, especially under environmental stresses. Generally, environmental stresses inhibit the Calvin cycle and subsequently increase the risk of photoinhibition of PSI and photosystem II (PSII). Mutation of genes encoding proteins involved in CEF increased PSII (or/and PSI) photinhibition on condition of excess light energy. In plants, CEF generates proton gradient across thylakoid membrane (pH) controls electron transfer from PSII to PSI and thus protect PSI through increasing the P700 oxidation ratio and preventing over-reduction of P700 reaction centers.... Read More

Blocking brain signals detected in the kidney may lead to kidney failure

Image Blocking brain signals detected in the kidney may lead to kidney failure Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics. Scientists found Npy in cells called podocytes, which were sending harmful signals and damaging the filtering unit, known as the glomerulus. This caused large amounts of protein to leak into urine, a condition called proteinuria. Often undiagnosed early on, if left untreated the disorder can lead to kidney failure requiring dialysis or... Read More

Regulation of and by the Plant Cell Wall

Image The plant cell wall is a dynamic network surrounding the plant cell. It consists of a cross-linked polysaccharide matrix, including as major components cellulose microfibrils, hemicellulose and pectin, as well as the minor components of structural proteins and lignin. The plant cell wall represents the most abundant terrestrial carbon source, and plays a key role in many important plant physiological processes. The wall characteristics vary in different cell types and are highly-regulated during cell biological processes. The dynamic and flexible properties of the cell wall facilitate cell growth and cell differentiation as well as sensing and signaling to external and... Read More

Research Published paper in Radiology (First)

Image The thoracic duct (TD), as the largest lymphatic vessel, drains approximately three quarters of the body’s lymph into the venous system. In general, the thoracic duct derives from retroperitoneal cisterna chyli, ascends along the spine, and terminates in the venous angle, the region of the junction of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein. The cisterna chyli, as a conduit for the lipid products of digestion by receiving fatty chyle from the intestines, results from the convergence of two lumbar lymphatic trunks and the intestinal trunk. The cisterna chyli is a dilated sac located posterior... Read More

Research Paper published in Radiology (Latest)

Image Internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare pathologies. Endovascular treatment of these disorders is new and emerging field of interventional neurology. A 50 year old male presented to our unit with progressive headaches, visual disturbance and panhypopituitarism. Investigations revealed a giant fusiform right cavernous internal artery aneurysm (39 x 33 x 37 mm). He underwent endovascular treatment with a Surpass flow diverting stent and subsequently developed a cavernous sinus syndrome and carotid-venous fistula. A novel stent-in-stent technique was utilized and a Surpass Streamline 3 x 25 mm flow-diverting stent was placed across the fistulating zone of the initial stent, with clinical... Read More

Recent Published casereports in Case Reports

Image Coronary neovascularisation is a known phenomenon in cases of collateral formation. But the same entity has also been seen but less described in a chronic thrombus or tumors formed in atrial chambers. Here we present interesting images where neovascularisation with fistula formation was evident on angiography into a left atrial thrombus which was documented on echocardiography and also intraoperatively. This phenomenon might explain and avoid unusual anxiety when noted on angiography for the first time. Neovascularisation; Dyspnea; Tumor vascularity A 49-year-old woman presented with exertional dyspnea of NYHA class III and was diagnosed to be a case of rheumatic heart... Read More

First published case report in Case Reports

Image Introduction: Intermuscular lipomas constitute a small percentage of adipocytic neoplasms unlike the subcutaneous lipomas which are fairly common. The recurrence rate of intermuscular lipomas is 1%. Case Report: A 58-year old man presented to the breast surgery clinic with a progressively increasing right breast prominence. About 7 years ago he had undergone excision of a right breast mass, which turned out to be an interpectoral lipoma. His MRI was done, and it showed a lipomatous mass confined to the right interpectoral region suggestive of recurrence of the lipoma. An ultrasound guided core biopsy excluded sarcoma. The mass was completely excised... Read More

Biotechnology encompasses a wide range of procedures in modifying living organisms

Image Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology be held by Imed Pub Publishing SL which is one of the leading international publishers of open access journals. We are overjoyed to promulgate that our Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology got outstretched for 5 volumes which is an enormous triumph on account of esteemed authors who made endowment to our journal more honored. Biotechnology is a broad area of biology, involving the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products. Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with related scientific fields. In the late 20th and early 21st... Read More

Medical biology in Modern health Issues care system

Image Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology be held by Imed Pub Publishing SL which is one of the leading international publishers of open access journals. We are overjoyed to promulgate that our Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology got outstretched for 5 volumes which is an enormous triumph on account of esteemed authors who made endowment to our journal more honored. Medical biology is a field of biology that has practical applications in medicine, health care and laboratory diagnostics. Medical biology is the cornerstone of modern health care and laboratory diagnostics. It concernes a wide range of scientific and technological approaches:... Read More

The FPU Recurrence Model of the Protein Synthesis

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

Physics in medical diagnosis and therapy

Image Journal of Medical Physics and Applied Sciences publish articles with theoretical and experimental contributions for publication covering all dimensions of medical physics such as application of radiation physics with relation to radiation therapies, nuclear medicine related physics applications, medical imaging, signal processing and signal output analysis for medical devices, application of physics in biomedical devise development, computer aided image analysis etc. Articles are welcome in the mentioned discipline along with other associated areas of the subject. The Journal is using Editor Manager System for easy online tracking and managing of the manuscript processing. Medical... Read More

Quantum mechanics and its principles

Image Quantum mechanics and its principles American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Here we gave a brief note on Quantum mechanics and its principles. Quantum mechanics is the branch of physics relating to the very small.  It results in what may appear to be some very strange conclusions about the physical world. At the scale of atoms and electrons, many of the equations of classical mechanics, which describe how things move at everyday sizes and speeds, cease to be useful. In classical mechanics,... Read More

Use of Steroid to Prevent Extubation Failure due to Stridor in Surgical Intensive Care Patients

Image Extubation failure increases morbidity and mortality in intensive care. Laryngeal edema which develops post extubation is one of the major risk factor for extubation failure. Post extubation laryngeal edema occurs in up to 37% of the extubations. Various steroids regiments have been commonly used pre extubation to prevent development of laryngeal edema. Aim of this study was to find type of patients to have frequent extubation failure and whether steroids can prevent post extubation laryngeal edema. Patients and methods: It was a prospective observational study conducted in a tertiary hospital Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU). All patients included in... Read More

Cryptography and types cryptographic techniques

Image Cryptography and types cryptographic techniques American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. This journal is devoted to the publication referred papers on cutting-edge research in all the scientific areas of Computer Engineering and novel insights into its technology. Here we gave a brief note on Cryptography and types cryptographic techniques which are related to computer engineering. Definition: Cryptography is associated with the process of converting ordinary plain text into unintelligible text and vice-versa. It is a method of storing and transmitting data in a... Read More

Current Concepts in Tendon Bioengineering

Image Due to their specific morphologic structure, tendons are the soft tissue with the highest tensile strength, needed to transfer muscle power to the skeletal system. In case of tendon injury, such as traumatic tendon tears, chronic overuse of tendons, or degenerative tendinopathy, function and motion are impaired. However, repaired tendon tissue rarely achieves functionality equal to that of the pre-injured state, whereas final tear resistance may be reduced by up to 30%. The fact that tendons often tear upon an underlying tendinopathy as a precondition, is considered rather rarely for research and treatment of patients with acute tendon... Read More

Tandem mass spectrometry

Image Tandem mass spectrometry, also known as MS/MS or MS2, is a technique in instrumental analysis where two or more mass analyzers are coupled together using an additional reaction step to increase their abilities to analyse chemical samples. A common use of tandem-MS is the analysis of biomolecules, such as proteins and peptides. The molecules of a given sample are ionized and the first spectrometer separates these ions by their mass-to-charge ratio (often given as m/z or m/Q). Ions of a particular m/z-ratio coming from MS1 are selected and then made to split into smaller fragment ions, e.g. by collision-induced dissociation, ion-molecule reaction, or photodissociation. These fragments are then introduced into the second mass spectrometer , which in turn separates the fragments by their m/z-ratio and detects them. The fragmentation step makes... Read More

Parathyroid Gland

Image On behalf of the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 5th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Cancer Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access. The Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication... Read More

Addison's disease

Image Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism, is a long-term endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough steroid hormones. Symptoms generally come on slowly and may include abdominal pain, weakness, and weight loss. Darkening of the skin in certain areas may also occur.Under certain circumstances, an adrenal crisis may occur with low blood pressure, vomiting, lower back pain, and loss of consciousness. An adrenal crisis can be triggered by stress, such as from an injury, surgery, or infection. Addison's disease arises from problems with the adrenal gland such that not... Read More

Electrospray ionization

Image Electrospray ionization (ESI) is a technique used in mass spectrometry to produce ions using an electrospray in which a high voltage is applied to a liquid to create an aerosol. It is especially useful in producing ions from macromolecules because it overcomes the propensity of these molecules to fragment when ionized. Mass spectrometry using ESI is called electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) or, less commonly, electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS). ESI is a so-called 'soft ionization' technique, since there is very little fragmentation.  IONIZATION MECHANISM The liquid containing the analyte(s) of interest is dispersed by electrospray,into a fine aerosol. Because the ion formation involves extensive solvent evaporation (also termed desolvation), the... Read More

Sjogren’s syndrome

Image Sjögren syndrome (SjS, SS) is a long-term autoimmune disease that affects the body's moisture-producing glands. Primary symptoms are a dry mouth and dry eyes. Other symptoms can include dry skin, vaginal dryness, a chronic cough, numbness in the arms and legs, feeling tired, muscle and joint pains, and thyroid problems.Those affected are also at an increased risk (5%) of lymphoma. While the exact cause is unclear, it is believed to involve a combination of genetics and an environmental trigger such as exposure to a virus or bacteria. It can occur independently of other health problems (primary Sjögren... Read More

GARDASIL 9 VACCINE

Image On behalf of the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 5th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Cancer Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access. The Journal of head and neck Cancer: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication... Read More

Balloon angioplasty

Image On behalf of the journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome clinical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access. The journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion... Read More

Magnetic field or resonance

Image On behalf of the journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been Four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome clinical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access. The journal of clinical radiology and case reports: Open Access aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion... Read More

Endometrioma, fertility, and assisted reproductive treatments: connecting the dots

Image Endometrioma, fertility, and assisted reproductive treatments: connecting the dots Surgery has traditionally been the primary treatment option for endometriosis-related infertility of any phenotype. However, advances and refinements of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) permit a more conservative approach in many scenarios. This review summarizes the latest findings in the field of reproductive medicine, which have supported a paradigm shift towards more conservative management of ovarian endometrioma. The presence of ovarian endometrioma per se is likely to impair ovarian reserve and alter ovarian functional anatomy. Conventional laparoscopic surgery is associated with significant risk of additional damage, and less invasive treatment approaches require... Read More

SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA

Image On behalf of the Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been ten long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. The Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality... Read More

immunology of infectious diseases

Image On behalf of the Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been ten long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. The Journal of Clinical Immunology and Infection Diseases aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality... Read More

International Society for Wildlife Endocrinology: the future of endocrine measures for reproductive science, animal welfare and conservation biology

Image International Society for Wildlife Endocrinology: the future of endocrine measures for reproductive science, animal welfare and conservation biology Hormone analysis is a precise and widely accepted tool for monitoring reproductive function and responses to stressors. Although hormones are present and can be measured in various biological matrices, non-invasive methods have gained popularity over the past 30 years as a more practical approach for assessing ovarian, testicular and, more recently, adrenocortical activity in intractable wildlife species. Non-invasive hormone monitoring also has been key to understanding biological mechanisms related to observed behaviours of captive and free-ranging animals. Despite the increasing popularity... Read More

The design could advance the development of small, portable AI devices

Image Author Name: Desrina R   Category Name: Science and Technology Description: Memristors, or memory transistors, are an essential element in neuromorphic computing. In a neuromorphic device, a memristor would serve as the transistor in a circuit, though its workings would more closely resemble a brain synapse the junction between two neurons. The synapse receives signals from one neuron, in the form of ions, and sends a corresponding signal to the next neuron. A transistor in a conventional circuit transmits information by switching between one of only two values, 0 and 1, and doing so only when the signal... Read More

Sound waves transport droplets for rewritable lab on chip devices

Image Author Name: Desrina R Category Name: Science and Technology Description: Our new system achieves rewritable routing, sorting and gating of droplets with minimal external control, which are essential functions for the digital logic control of droplets, said Researcher. And we achieve it with less energy and a simpler setup that can control more droplets simultaneously than previous systems." Automated fluid handling has driven the development of many scientific fields such as clinical diagnostics and large-scale compound screening. While ubiquitous in the modern biomedical research and pharmaceutical industries, these systems are bulky, expensive and do not handle small volumes... Read More

Published paper in Radiology (First)

Image The thoracic duct (TD), as the largest lymphatic vessel, drains approximately three quarters of the body’s lymph into the venous system. In general, the thoracic duct derives from retroperitoneal cisterna chyli, ascends along the spine, and terminates in the venous angle, the region of the junction of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein. The cisterna chyli, as a conduit for the lipid products of digestion by receiving fatty chyle from the intestines, results from the convergence of two lumbar lymphatic trunks and the intestinal trunk. The cisterna chyli is a dilated sac located posterior... Read More

Paper on Radiology (Latest)

Image Internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare pathologies. Endovascular treatment of these disorders is new and emerging field of interventional neurology. A 50 year old male presented to our unit with progressive headaches, visual disturbance and panhypopituitarism. Investigations revealed a giant fusiform right cavernous internal artery aneurysm (39 x 33 x 37 mm). He underwent endovascular treatment with a Surpass flow diverting stent and subsequently developed a cavernous sinus syndrome and carotid-venous fistula. A novel stent-in-stent technique was utilized and a Surpass Streamline 3 x 25 mm flow-diverting stent was placed across the fistulating zone of the initial stent, with clinical... Read More

Recent Published paper in Case Reports

Image Coronary neovascularisation is a known phenomenon in cases of collateral formation. But the same entity has also been seen but less described in a chronic thrombus or tumors formed in atrial chambers. Here we present interesting images where neovascularisation with fistula formation was evident on angiography into a left atrial thrombus which was documented on echocardiography and also intraoperatively. This phenomenon might explain and avoid unusual anxiety when noted on angiography for the first time. Neovascularisation; Dyspnea; Tumor vascularity A 49-year-old woman presented with exertional dyspnea of NYHA class III and was diagnosed to be a case of rheumatic heart... Read More

First published article in Case Reports

Image Introduction: Intermuscular lipomas constitute a small percentage of adipocytic neoplasms unlike the subcutaneous lipomas which are fairly common. The recurrence rate of intermuscular lipomas is 1%. Case Report: A 58-year old man presented to the breast surgery clinic with a progressively increasing right breast prominence. About 7 years ago he had undergone excision of a right breast mass, which turned out to be an interpectoral lipoma. His MRI was done, and it showed a lipomatous mass confined to the right interpectoral region suggestive of recurrence of the lipoma. An ultrasound guided core biopsy excluded sarcoma. The mass was completely excised... Read More

The first European journal devoted solely to the topic of Advances in kidney Diseases and Treatment.

Image The first European journal devoted solely to the topic of Advances in kidney Diseases and Treatment. Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics. Nephrology deals with the study of normal kidney function and kidney related problems, the preservation of kidney health and the treatment of kidney problems, from diet and medication to renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney replacement). Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys (such as diabetes and auto immune... Read More

Introduction to Pharmaceutical Microbiology

Image Microbiology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of microorganisms that is, organisms that are usually too small to be seen clearly with unaided eye. These organisms include bacteria, viruses, protozoa, many algae and fungi. Some members of these groups, particularly some of the algae and fungi, are larger and quite visible.  Two bacteria that are visible without a microscope, Thiomargarita and Epulopiscium, also have been discovered. The need to study these minute organisms started when some investigators suspected their existence and responsibility for disease.  It took the invention of the first microscope by Antoin Van Leeuwenhoek in 1676... Read More

Supplement levels for people who are suffering from kidney diseases

Image Supplement levels for people who are suffering from kidney diseases Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics The journal invites different types of articles including original research article, review articles, short note communications, case reports, Editorials, letters to the Editors and expert opinions & commentaries from different regions for publication. Kidneys are responsible for filtering waste products, releasing hormones that regulate blood pressure, balancing fluids in the body, producing urine,... Read More

Pharmaceutical Microbiology Playing a Vital Role in Human's Life

Image Microbiology refers to the study of micro-organisms which can either be unicellular or cell cluster based microscopic organisms. Prime examples of these are eukaryotes like fungi, prokaryotes and protists. Premature ejaculation causes and symptoms are studied as well. In the intellect of an inferior in human’s life, microbiology refers to the study of life and organisms that are too diminutive for studying with a naked eye. It also includes immunology which is the study of immune system. Microbiology means the study of microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, algae, virus, etc. Literally, 'micro' means small, 'bio' means life and 'loge' means study.... Read More

Intra-Abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome after Abdominal Wall Reconstruction: Quaternary Syndromes?

Image Reconstruction with reconstitution of the container function of the abdominal compartment is increasingly being performed in patients with massive ventral hernia previously deemed inoperable. This situation places patients at great risk of severe intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (ACS) if organ failure ensues. IAH and especially ACS may be devastating systemic complications with systematic and progressive organ failure and death. Surgeons should thus consider and carefully measure intraabdominal pressure (IAP) and its resultant effects on respiratory parameters and function during abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) The IAP post-operatively will be a result... Read More

Brain Protein Aging and Dementia Control

Image Investigations of brain aging have continuously progressed over the past several decades. Since an increase in age is the greatest risk factor for dementia and related disorders, much attention has been focused on research to understand the mechanisms of disease-related brain aging. Neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and frontotemporal lobar degeneration are mostly diagnosed by neuropathological features with protein inclusions such as Aβ, tau, α-synuclein, TDP-43, and FUS. These proteins are expected to lose physiological function and interact with functional molecules with age. Consequently, acquired pathologies of aged proteins are accumulated and propagated in neural cells.... Read More

Accelerating Weaning in Tracheostomized Critically-Ill Patients: Increasing Effective Airway Diameter

Image Mechanical ventilation (MV) is the main supportive treatment in patients with acute respiratory failure in Intensive Care Units, but most efforts are intended to restore spontaneous ventilation again, up to 40% of total time under MV (Epstein). Even so, close to 30% of patients become dependent on MV for prolonged weaning ventilation, according to the most recent series. Tracheostomy is frequently used in this subgroup of patients, as it improve patient comfort and communication, reduce sedative use and make easier airway management, but little evidence supports clinical decision making for weaning these patients. Deflating... Read More

Lasers have played an important role in medical device manufacturing

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

Physics concepts and procedures in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease

Image Journal of Medical Physics and Applied Sciences aim is to publish the work and reports on maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures. Medical physics is also called biomedical physics, medical biophysics, applied physics in medicine, physics applications in medical science, radiological... Read More

SYMPTOMS AND STAGES OF BREAST CANCER

Image SYMPTOMS AND STAGES OF BREAST CANCER   Breast cancer symptoms In its early stages, breast cancer may not cause any symptoms. In many cases, a tumor may be too small to be felt, but an abnormality can still be seen on a mammogram. If a tumor can be felt, the first sign is usually a new lump in the breast that was not there before. However, not all lumps are cancer. Each type of breast cancer can cause a variety of symptoms. Many of these symptoms are similar, but some can be different. Symptoms for the most common breast... Read More

TYPES OF BREAST CANCER

Image TYPES OF BREAST CANCER   There are several types of breast cancer, and they are broken into two main categories: “invasive” and “noninvasive,” or in situ. While invasive cancer has spread from the breast ducts or glands to other parts of the breast, noninvasive cancer has not spread from the original tissue. These two categories are used to describe the most common types of breast cancer, which include: Ductal carcinoma in situ: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a noninvasive condition. With DCIS, the cancer cells are confined to the ducts in your breast and haven’t invaded the... Read More

COMMON MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS

Image COMMON MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS   The most common types of mental illness are as follows: Anxiety disorders Mood disorders schizophrenia disorders   Anxiety disorder: According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness. People with these conditions have severe fear or anxiety, which relates to certain objects or situations. Most people with an anxiety disorder will try to avoid exposure to whatever triggers their anxiety.   Phobia: Phobias are deeply personal, and doctors do not know every type. There could be thousands of phobias, and what might seem unusual... Read More

Computer network, Design and Protocol

Image Computer network, Design and Protocol American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Cloud Computing and its types and advantages are described below. A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes. The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that may be arranged in a variety of network topologies. Computer Network Classification and Area Networks... Read More

Cloud Computing || Types and advantages

Image Cloud Computing || Types and advantages American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Cloud Computing and its types and advantages are described below. Cloud Computing: Cloud computing is the delivery of different services through the Internet. These resources include tools and applications like data storage, servers, databases, networking, and software. Rather than keeping files on a proprietary hard drive or local storage device, cloud-based storage makes it possible to save them to a remote database. As long as an electronic device has access to... Read More

RISK FACTORS FOR MENTAL HEALTH CONDITIONS

Image RISK FACTORS FOR MENTAL HEALTH CONDITIONS   Everyone has some risk of developing a mental health disorder, no matter their age, sex, income, or ethnicity. In the U.S. and much of the developed world, mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability. Social and financial circumstances, biological factors, and lifestyle choices can all shape a person’s mental health.   A large proportion of people with a mental health disorder have more than one condition at a time. It is important to note that good mental health depends on a delicate balance of factors and that several elements... Read More

Passive infrared sensor - Principle and construction

Image Passive infrared sensor / PIR sensor is an electronic sensor that measures infrared (IR) light radiating from objects in its field of view. They are most often used in PIR-based motion detectors. PIR sensors are commonly used in security alarms and automatic lighting applications.PIR sensors detect general movement, but do not give information on who or what moved. For that purpose, an active IR sensor is required.PIR sensors are commonly called simply "PIR", or sometimes "PID", for "passive infrared detector". The term passive refers to the fact that PIR devices do not radiate energy for detection purposes. They work entirely by detecting infrared radiation (radiant heat) emitted by or reflected from objects.... Read More

Chemical sensor and its types

Image A chemical sensor is a device which responds to a particular analyte molecule in a selective way in the presence of other molecules through a chemical reaction and can be used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of the analyte in the complex sample. After recognition of a molecular entity, the chemical sensor transduces the signal through a physicochemical process into an electrical signal which can be further amplified and processed.While before chapter deals with different types of acoustic transducers, this tutorial focuses on the chemical sensing layer that affects the molecular recognition and the different transducers that can be... Read More

Climate change: Warm springtime's unwelcome legacy

Image As Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to welcome you to Our Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies. The Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies aims to spread knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Eco-Toxicology. The open access journal is published by Insight Medical Publishing who hosts open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes conferences that hosts the work of researchers in a manner that exemplifies the highest standards in research integrity. With lots of sunshine, high temperatures, and ultimately drought, the... Read More

Engineers find neat way to turn waste carbon dioxide into useful material

Image On behalf of the Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to welcome you to the Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. The Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Chemistry. The open access journal is published by Insight Medical Publishing who hosts open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes conferences that hosts the work of researchers in a manner that exemplifies the highest standards in research integrity. The researchers,... Read More

Electrolysis: Chemists have discovered how to produce better electrodes

Image On behalf of the Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to welcome you to the Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. The Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Chemistry. The open access journal is published by Insight Medical Publishing who hosts open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes conferences that hosts the work of researchers in a manner that exemplifies the highest standards in research integrity. Hydrogen is... Read More

Lung

Image The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails. In mammals and most other vertebrates, two lungs are located near the backbone on either side of the heart. Their function in the respiratory system is to extract oxygen from the atmosphere and transfer it into the bloodstream, and to release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere, in a process of gas exchange. Respiration is driven by different muscular systems in different species. Mammals, reptiles and birds use their different muscles to support and foster... Read More

Autoimmune retinopathy

Image It is a span of rare autoimmune diseases that initially affect the function of retinal photoreceptor and encompass cancer associated retinopathy, melanoma associated retinopathy and assumed non- paraneoplastic autoimmune retinopathy. Autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) is a rare disease in which the patient's immune system attacks proteins in the retina, leading to loss of eyesight. The disease is poorly understood, but may be the result of cancer or cancer chemotherapy. The disease is an autoimmune condition characterized by vision loss, blind spots, and visual field abnormalities. It can be divided into cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) and melanoma-associated... Read More

COVID-19: Issues related to kidney disease and hypertension

Image COVID-19: Issues related to kidney disease and hypertension This topic will discuss issues related to COVID-19 and delivery of nephrology care in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and hypertension. Issues related to the care of patients who are candidates for or have a kidney transplant are discussed separately. END-STAGE KIDNEY DISEASE Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) are particularly vulnerable to severe COVID-19 due to the older age and high frequency of comorbidity, such as diabetes and hypertension, in this population. Management of patients with ESKD varies based upon whether they... Read More

Biomarker in urine may offer non-invasive detection of prostate cancer

Image Biomarker in urine may offer non-invasive detection of prostate cancer Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics. A standard Editorial tracking system is utilized for manuscript submission, review, editorial processing and tracking which can be securely accessed by the authors, reviewers and editors for monitoring and tracking the article processing. Currently, the prostate specific antigen (PSA) exam is used as the standard screening method for prostate cancer. However, elevated... Read More

TRAF Proteins in Health and Disease

Image Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) associated factors (TRAFs) are a family of signaling adaptors first identified as components of TNFR signaling complexes. TRAFs are now recognized to influence signal transduction downstream of a diverse array of receptors including (i) TNFR superfamily members, (ii) antigen receptors, (iii) Toll-like receptors and (iv) cytokine receptors. Additionally, TRAFs perform important regulatory roles as cytoplasmic and – in some cases – nuclear proteins. In recent years, it has become clear that TRAF proteins can function as both positive and negative regulators of cell signaling, depending on the context. Structural analysis of TRAF protein interactions is... Read More

Ischemic heart disease involves the reduction of blood flow to the heart muscle

Image Coronary artery disease also known as coronary heart disease (or) ischemic heart disease involves the reduction of blood flow to the heart muscle due to build-up of plaque in the arteries of the heart.--- It is the most common of the cardiovascular diseases.Types include stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest. Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present. In many cases, the first sign is a heart attack. Other complications include heart failure or an abnormal... Read More

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can involve the heart

Image Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain. The disease typically develops two to four weeks after a streptococcal throat infection. Signs and symptoms include fever, multiple painful joints, involuntary muscle movements, and occasionally a characteristic non-itchy rash known as erythema marginatum. The heart is involved in about half of the cases. Damage to the heart valves, known as rheumatic heart disease (RHD), usually occurs after repeated attacks but can sometimes occur after one. The damaged valves may result in heart failure, atrial fibrillation and infection of the valves. The disease typically develops two to four weeks after a throat infection. Symptoms include: fever, painful joints with those joints affected changing with time, involuntary muscle movements, and... Read More

Child Health

Image The surprising fact about asthma is that it is such a common disease that affects children younger than 18 years. Asthma may appear at any age; however, between 80% and 90% of children with asthma develop symptoms by age 4 or 5 years. Luckily, in the larger part of cases, indications are mild to reasonably serious. When the condition is appropriately dealt with medications and natural measures, potentially incapacitating flare-ups can be prevented. Children's Health is a pediatric health care system in North Texas anchored by two hospitals, Children's Medical Center Dallas and Children's Medical Center Plano,... Read More

prevotella

Image Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Education is an Open Access, peer–reviewed, academic journal which has a wide range of fields creating a platform for the authors to publish relatively reliable source of information on recent discoveries, review articles, original articles etc. and provides free online access to the researchers worldwide. Prevotella is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. Prevotella spp. are members of the oral, vaginal, and gut microbiota and are often recovered from anaerobic infections of the respiratory tract. These infections include aspiration pneumonia, lung abscess, pulmonary empyema, and chronic otitis media and sinusitis. They have been isolated from abscesses... Read More

Virtual reality and its applications

Image Virtual reality and its applications American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Below we have discussed about Virtual reality and its applications Virtual reality (VR) means experiencing things through our computers that don't really exist. When you look at an amazing Canaletto painting, for example, you're experiencing the sights and sounds of Italy as it was about 250 years ago—so that's a kind of virtual reality. Types of virtual reality Fully immersive Non-immersive Collaborative Web-based Augmented reality What equipment do we need for virtual... Read More

Treatment Development of Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia

Image The treatment chosen for your CML largely depends on the phase of your disease, your age and general health. Most people with CML will be treated with drugs called tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). TKIs work by blocking the activity of an enzyme called bcr-abl and thereby preventing the growth and proliferation of the leukemic cells. The most common decision to be made at diagnosis is which of the three available TKI drugs is most suited to you.  This varies from person to person and your doctor will examine all the information about you that is available to them to decide... Read More

Separation of Mixture of Chiral Compounds by their Distribution between Different Phases

Image The function of living organisms is determined by the behavior of chiral compounds and their reactions. Not only the RNA and DNA influence this function, but the enantiomers of amino acids and sugars also have a dominant role. So, it is not surprising that an increasing number of drugs contain single enantiomers, which are often prepared by resolution of racemic compounds obtained due of chemical syntheses. The therapeutically effect of enantiomers can be different, and it is not rare that these effects are opposite. A tragic reminder of the importance of chirality is thalidomide, in the early 1960s. So, the... Read More

Role of Nanotechnology in computer science and engineering

Image Role of Nanotechnology in computer science and engineering American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Below we have discussed about Nanotechnology in computer science and engineering. Nanotechnology refers broadly to a field of applied science and technology whose unifying theme is the control of matter on the molecular level in scales smaller than 1 micrometre, normally 1 to 100 nanometers, and the fabrication of devices within that size range. It is a highly multidisciplinary field, drawing from fields such as applied physics,... Read More

Immunological disorder

Image Immunological disorder occurs due to malfunctioning of the immune system. This disorder can be distinguished in several different ways: By the component(s) of the immune system affected; By whether the immune system is overactive or underactive; By whether the condition is congenital or acquired. An immune disorder is a dysfunction of the immune system. These disorders can be characterized in several different ways: By the component(s) of the immune system affected By whether the immune system is overactive or underactive By whether the condition is congenital or acquired According to the International Union of... Read More

Recent published paper in Radiology

Image The thoracic duct (TD), as the largest lymphatic vessel, drains approximately three quarters of the body’s lymph into the venous system. In general, the thoracic duct derives from retroperitoneal cisterna chyli, ascends along the spine, and terminates in the venous angle, the region of the junction of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein. The cisterna chyli, as a conduit for the lipid products of digestion by receiving fatty chyle from the intestines, results from the convergence of two lumbar lymphatic trunks and the intestinal trunk. The cisterna chyli is a dilated sac located posterior... Read More

Paper on Radiology

Image Internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare pathologies. Endovascular treatment of these disorders is new and emerging field of interventional neurology. A 50 year old male presented to our unit with progressive headaches, visual disturbance and panhypopituitarism. Investigations revealed a giant fusiform right cavernous internal artery aneurysm (39 x 33 x 37 mm). He underwent endovascular treatment with a Surpass flow diverting stent and subsequently developed a cavernous sinus syndrome and carotid-venous fistula. A novel stent-in-stent technique was utilized and a Surpass Streamline 3 x 25 mm flow-diverting stent was placed across the fistulating zone of the initial stent, with clinical... Read More

Pulmonary Nocardiosis Mimicking Lung Malignancy

Image In March 2013, a 50-year-old smoker without medical history presented with asthenia and weight loss (4 kg). Medical investigations revealed a CD4 lymphopenia without AIDS infection and an excavated opacity measured 32 mm × 51 mm in the in right lower lobe (Figure 1) with a right hilar adenopathy in the chest CT-scan. Pulmonary fibroscopy revealed an abnormality on the right vocal cord but no bronchial lesion. The FDG-PET (Fludeoxyglucose Positron Emisssion Tomography) scan showed hyperfixation of the excavated pulmonary opacity and of the adenopathy (Figure 2 and 3). Because of this suspicion of pulmonary malignancy, surgery was scheduled. In April 2013, the... Read More

The most inspiring article in the Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Image The most inspiring article in the Journal of Nephrology and Urology Journal of Nephrology and Urology published many of inspiring articles. Here we are explain a short note on article entitled “Prognostic Factors of Renal Impairment in Multiple Myeloma in Senegal” Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics. The occurrence of renal impairment in multiple myeloma is a major turning point in the evolution of this incurable malignant hemopathy. This is... Read More

Milk of calcium renal cyst and Liesegang structures

Image Abstract Liesegang rings are rare and very few cases reported in literature in association with malignancy. Although they have no biologic or clinical significance, unique morphology and unfamiliarity with these structures are often confused with malignancy, lithiasis and parasitic infestation. We herein report a case of milk of calcium renal cyst with Liesegang structures in an autopsy done on a pancreatic cancer patient who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and was enrolled in a clinical trial involving irreversible electroporation (IRE). This case reports highlights the relationship between “milk of calcium cysts” in radiology and “Liesegang rings”, in pathology and is the first... Read More

Nanotechnology

Image Nanotechnology is a field of research and innovation concerned with building 'things' - generally, materials and devices - on the scale of atoms and molecules. A nanometre is one-billionth of a metre: ten times the diameter of a hydrogen atom. The diameter of a human hair is, on average, 80,000 nanometres. Nanotechnology, the manipulation of matter at the atomic and molecular scale to create materials with remarkably varied and new properties, is a rapidly expanding area of research with huge potential in many sectors, ranging from healthcare to construction and electronics. In medicine, it promises to revolutionize drug delivery, gene... Read More

Impact of Physics on Medical Sciences and Applications: Lasers and Nanotechnology

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

Removing Belly Fat Before It Sticks to You: University Researchers Produce Fat-Busting Proteins

Image Removing Belly Fat Before It Sticks to You: University Researchers Produce Fat-Busting Proteins University of Cincinnati researchers produce fat-busting proteins in the laboratory. Triglycerides, those fats that seem to be the bane of any diet, remain a mystery for many researchers. Plenty of them are in Big Macs, deep pan pizza and the like, but some are a necessity to fuel the body for daily activities. Researchers Mark Castleberry, a doctoral student, and professor Sean Davidson, both in the UC College of Medicine, have found a way to produce in the laboratory a human protein produced in the liver... Read More

MEDICAL AND HEALTH RESEARCH: AN OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL

Image MEDICAL AND HEALTH RESEARCH: AN OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL Journal of Medical Research & Health Education is an open access, online, peer reviewed international journal with a primary objective to reach the health sciences professionals with genuine and reliable source of data on current research on medicine and health education. The journal deals with all the vital issues involved in health education and promotion worldwide - providing a valuable link between the health education research and practice communities. The journal focuses on a wide spectrum of knowledge such as Medical Education, Public Health, Rehabilitation, Nursing and... Read More

CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY: AN OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL

Image CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY: AN OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL  “Journal of Cancer Epidemiology & Prevention”, welcomes you to the most accessed “open access publication-Insight Medical Publishing (iMedPub)” with 30+ Million reader base. The geographical distribution of our readership is as follows: India (32%), USA (13%), UK (4.10%), South Africa, Australia, China and Japan. It was observed that there was relatively greater demand for scientific content since the sections on in press, current issues and archived articles recorded highest visibility and readership. The journal aims to encourage interdisciplinary communication and collaborative research among basic scientists, epidemiologists, clinicians, and public health professionals in the... Read More

Breast Cancer: One- versus three-week schedule for adjuvant whole breast radiation therapy in early breast cancer

Image Breast Cancer: One- versus three-week schedule for adjuvant whole breast radiation therapy in early breast cancer For patients receiving adjuvant whole breast radiation therapy (WBRT) for early breast cancer, conventional dosage schedules are given over several weeks, while "hypofractionated" schedules complete treatment over a shorter timeframe. In a randomized trial of over 4000 patients with early breast cancer, a hypofractionated schedule (26 Gy in five fractions over one week) reduced the rate of five-year ipsilateral breast tumor relapse compared with a conventional adjuvant schedule (40 Gy over three weeks) (1.4 versus 2.1 percent) . Further study is needed to... Read More

Raman spectroscopy and its applications

Image Raman spectroscopy  is a spectroscopic technique typically used to determine vibrational modes of molecules, although rotational and other low-frequency modes of systems may also be observed.Raman spectroscopy relies upon inelastic scattering of photons, known as Raman scattering. A source of monochromatic light, usually from a laser in the visible, near infrared, or near ultraviolet range is used, although X-rays can also be used. The laser light interacts with molecular vibrations, phonons or other excitations in the system, resulting in the energy of the laser photons being shifted up or down. The shift in energy gives information about the vibrational modes in the system. INSTRUMENETATION It has the following components Lasers, Detectors and Filters. APPLICATIONS Raman spectroscopy is used in chemistry to identify molecules... Read More

Electro-optical sensors and its applications

Image Electro-optical sensors are electronic detectors that convert light, or a change in light, into an electronic signal. These sensors are able to detect electromagnetic radiation from the infrared up to the ultraviolet wavelengths. TYPES OF ELECTRO-OPTICAL SENSOR  There are many different kinds of optical sensors, the most common types are: Photoconductive devices convert a change of incident light into a change of resistance. Photovoltaics, commonly known as solar cells, convert an amount of incident light into an output voltage. Photodiodes convert an amount of incident light into an output current. Phototransistors are a type of bipolar transistor where the base-collector junction is exposed to light. This... Read More

Chromosomal Instability, Aneuploidy, and Cancer

Image Most human neoplasms are aneuploid and this state of abnormal chromosome number is the result of elevated rates of whole-chromosome mis-segregation, a process known as Chromosomal Instability (CIN). A number of cellular mechanisms that lead to CIN have recently been uncovered and it is now evident that CIN can result from the perturbation of a variety of pathways that normally ensure the faithful segregation of chromosomes during mitosis. Furthermore, some recent evidence is now linking chromosome mis-segregation to increased rates of DNA damage, as well as chromosome pulverization and endo-duplication. Despite of the advances made to understand the cause of... Read More

Chromosomal Evolution in Plants

Image Plant karyotypes display a great diversity in chromosome number and morphology, as well as DNA amount and composition. Chromosomal evolution, one of the driving forces underlaying diversification and speciation in plants, is usually complex and employs various mechanisms. Although chromosome number and karyotype structure are still the most frequently recorded cytological characters, last decades have brought a range of new tools that allow for better insights into chromosomal and genome evolution in plants. The massively parallel sequencing technology (next-generation sequencing, NGS) has in last few years revolutionized nearly all biological disciplines. Genome skimming using NGS and whole-genome sequences opened up... Read More

What is Urology and Some of the Sub-Disciplines under Urology

Image What is Urology and Some of the Sub-Disciplines under Urology Journal of Nephrology and Urology  is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics Urology also known as genitourinary tract is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive system. Organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens,... Read More

Multiple Colonic Injuries: For Grading and Universal Management Plan

Image Colon: The long, coiled, tubular organ which removes water from digested food. The remaining material, solid waste called stool, moves up to the rectum through the colon and leaves the body through the anus. Often named large intestine and large intestine. Source-Source. In civil and war situations, colon and rectum wounds arising from penetrating or blunt trauma are frequently encountered. This form of injury had been associated with substantial mortality and morbidity prior to World War II. Wounds of the colon and rectum resulting from penetrating or blunt trauma are commonly encountered in civilian and War circumstances. Prior to the... Read More

Arrhythmia, also known as cardiac arrhythmia

Image Arrhythmia, also known as cardiac arrhythmia or heart arrhythmia, is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow. The heart rate that is too fast – above 100 beats per minute in adults – is called tachycardia, and a heart rate that is too slow – below 60 beats per minute – is called bradycardia. Some types of arrhythmias have no symptoms. Symptoms when present may include palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats. In more serious cases, there may be ... Read More

Signs and symptoms of heart failure commonly include shortness of breath

Image Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF) and congestive cardiac failure (CCF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs. Signs and symptoms of heart failure commonly include shortness of breathexcessive tiredness, and leg swelling. The shortness of breath is usually worse with exercise or while lying down, and may wake the person at night. A limited ability to exercise is also a common... Read More

Tips to How to control the Kidney Diseases Complications

Image Tips to How to control the Kidney Diseases Complications Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics Medications to protect your bones. Your doctor may prescribe calcium and vitamin D supplements to prevent weak bones and lower your risk of fracture. You may also take medication known as a phosphate binder to lower the amount of phosphate in your blood, and protect your blood vessels from damage by calcium deposit. Medications to treat... Read More

Some of the common Urologic conditions and Urologic Diseases

Image Some of the common Urologic conditions and Urologic Diseases The term “urologic diseases” describes a wide variety of conditions, all related to the filtering and carrying of urine out of the body. These diseases can affect men, women, and children of all ages. These diseases affect very specific parts of the body. In females, they involve the urinary tract. In males, they affect the urinary tract or the reproductive organs. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is an increase in the size of the prostate gland. BPH is very common in older men. It is not... Read More

Artificial intelligence is energy-hungry: new hardware could curb its appetite

Image Author Name: Desrina R   Category Name: Science and Technology Description: A team of engineers has created hardware that can learn skills using a type of AI that currently runs on software platforms. Sharing intelligence features between hardware and software would offset the energy needed for using AI in more advanced applications such as self-driving cars or discovering drugs. Software is taking on most of the challenges in AI. If you could incorporate intelligence into the circuit components in addition to what is happening in software, you could do things that simply cannot be done today. AI hardware... Read More

Identifying light sources using artificial intelligence

Image Author Name: Desrina R   Category Name: Science and Technology Description: Identifying sources of light plays an important role in the development of many photonic technologies, such as lidar, remote sensing, and microscopy. Traditionally, identifying light sources as diverse as sunlight, laser radiation, or molecule fluorescence has required millions of measurements, particularly in low-light environments, which limits the realistic implementation of quantum photonic technologies. Researchers demonstrated a smart quantum technology that enables a dramatic reduction in the number of measurements required to identify light sources.We trained an artificial neuron with the statistical fluctuations that characterize coherent and thermal... Read More

Endoscopic Gastroduodenoscopy

Image Introduction Among the commonest malignancy in women is Breast Cancer (BC), Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC) is the second common type of breast malignancy, after Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC), accounting for about 5-16% of all breast malignancies [1]. BC commonly metastasize to regional lymph node, bone, lung, liver and brain. Metastases from BC to the Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT) are rare and occurs in less than 1% [2]. However, when considering ILC cases alone, GIT metastases occurs in as high as 6% [1]. Incidence of GIT metastasis in BC patients may be rare in clinical practice but in autopsy series, the... Read More

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease in Chinese Family

Image Introduction CMT is an umbrella term which refers to a homogeneous group of clinical phenotypes, including progressive distal muscle weakness and atrophy, foot deformities, distal sensory loss and usually decreased tendon reflexes. CMT is genetically heterogeneous, caused by more than 1000 mutations in 80 disease-associated genes [1]. It is originally divided into two major subgroups, CMT1 and CMT2, according to electrophysiological appraisal and tissue biopsy, along with the molecular diagnostic, and each subgroup is further divided into several subtypes by genetic locus. CMT1 is a demyelinating peripheral neuropathy where myelinating Schwann cells are affected and median nerve motor nerve... Read More

Coronavirus & the Kidney

Image As we all know that the world is currently fighting against the Pandemic. But here are some lesser known facts about the Coronavirus and its effects on other organs like kidney other than the lungs. Exactly how the virus affects the kidneys is still unclear, but experts have theories. One is that the coronavirus directly attacks the kidneys. A study showed that the coronavirus infiltrates the body by binding to a type of receptor on cells called ACE2. These special receptors are essentially docking sites that are found not only in cells in the heart and lungs, but also in... Read More

latest published paper in Interventional Radiology

Image The thoracic duct (TD), as the largest lymphatic vessel, drains approximately three quarters of the body’s lymph into the venous system. In general, the thoracic duct derives from retroperitoneal cisterna chyli, ascends along the spine, and terminates in the venous angle, the region of the junction of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein. The cisterna chyli, as a conduit for the lipid products of digestion by receiving fatty chyle from the intestines, results from the convergence of two lumbar lymphatic trunks and the intestinal trunk. The cisterna chyli is a dilated sac located posterior... Read More

Research on Radiology

Image Internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare pathologies. Endovascular treatment of these disorders is new and emerging field of interventional neurology. A 50 year old male presented to our unit with progressive headaches, visual disturbance and panhypopituitarism. Investigations revealed a giant fusiform right cavernous internal artery aneurysm (39 x 33 x 37 mm). He underwent endovascular treatment with a Surpass flow diverting stent and subsequently developed a cavernous sinus syndrome and carotid-venous fistula. A novel stent-in-stent technique was utilized and a Surpass Streamline 3 x 25 mm flow-diverting stent was placed across the fistulating zone of the initial stent, with clinical... Read More

Occupational Stress & positive psychology

Image Dual Diagnosis: Open Access  is a peer reviewed, international journal, aims to promote the research in all the related fields of depression and its related syndromes by rapid publication of articles. This scientific journal publishes all relevant topics in the area of dual diagnosis like Dual Diagnosis, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimers Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, Anxiety Diagnosis, OCD Diagnosis, Multiaxial Diagnosis, Cerebral palsy Diagnosis, Trigeminal Neuralgia Diagnosis, Peripheral Neuropathy Diagnosis, PDD Diagnosis, MDD Diagnosis, Dyspraxia Diagnosis, Dysautonomia Diagnosis, etc. Although several important topics are mentioned, yet the journal will not be limiting the consideration... Read More

School Age Children Who Experienced Neonatal Seizures

Image Neonatal seizures (NSs) differ from seizures in other age groups in terms of their etiology, clinical presentation, treatment methods, and prognostic factors. The incidence of NSs was reported to range from 0.18% to 0.35% in population-based studies. The mortality rate of NSs has decreased from 40% to 20% in recent decades. However, the rates of neurologic sequelae have not decreased. The risk of mortality due to seizures and the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders (among surviving children) have raised many questions regarding the immediate diagnosis of NSs, acute interventions and drug selections, long-term prognosis of affected babies, predictive risk factors of... Read More

Spectroscopy

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

Surface plasmon resonance 

Image Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is the resonant oscillation of conduction electrons at the interface between negative and positive permittivity material stimulated by incident light. SPR is the basis of many standard tools for measuring adsorption of material onto planar metal (typically gold or silver) surfaces or onto the surface of metal nanoparticles. It is the fundamental principle behind many color-based biosensor applications, different lab-on-a-chip sensors and diatom photosynthesis. APPLICATIONS Surface plasmons have been used to enhance the surface sensitivity of several spectroscopic measurements including fluorescence, Raman scattering, and second-harmonic generation. However, in their simplest form, SPR reflectivity measurements can be used to detect molecular adsorption, such as polymers, DNA or proteins, etc. Technically,... Read More

Combinatorial chemistry

Image Combinatorial chemistry Combinatorial chemistry comprises chemical synthetic methods that make it possible to prepare a large number (tens to thousands or even millions) of compounds in a single process. These compound libraries can be made as mixtures, sets of individual compounds or chemical structures generated by computer software.Combinatorial chemistry can be used for the synthesis of small molecules and for peptides. Strategies that allow identification of useful components of the libraries are also part of combinatorial chemistry. The methods used in combinatorial chemistry are applied outside chemistry, too. Synthesis of molecules in a combinatorial fashion can quickly lead to... Read More

Deconvolution and screening

Image Deconvolution and screening The synthesized molecules of a combinatorial library are 'cleaved' from the solid support and mixed into solution. In such solution, millions of different compounds may be found. When this synthetic method was developed, it first seemed impossible to identify the molecules, and to find molecules with useful properties. Strategies of purification, identification, and screening were developed, however, to solve the problem. All these strategies are based on synthesis and testing of partial libraries. The earliest strategy, the "Iteration method" is described in the above-mentioned document of Furka notarized in 1982. Identification of the sequence of the active... Read More

 Langmuir–Blodgett film and its applications

Image  Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) film is a nanostructured system formed when Langmuir films or Langmuir monolayers (LM) are transferred from the liquid-gas interface to solid supports during the vertical passage of the support through the monolayers. LB films can contain one or more monolayers of an organic material, deposited from the surface of a liquid onto a solid by immersing (or emersing) the solid substrate into (or from) the liquid. A monolayer is adsorbed homogeneously with each immersion or emersion step, thus films with very accurate thickness can be formed. This thickness is accurate because the thickness of each monolayer is known and can therefore... Read More

The Role of TLRs in Microbial Pathogenesis and Immunity

Image Our knowledge regarding pathogen recognition by innate immune receptors and their role in immunity and pathogenesis has grown exponentially over the past decade. The importance of this topic has been confirmed by the awarding of the Nobel Prize to the discoverers of the Toll-like receptors and dendritic cells. The set of articles proposed for this "Snapshot" of the current field will examine the role of these pattern recognition receptors in induction of innate and acquired protective immunity toward pathogens and their role in both the pathology seen with diseases as well as microbial pathogenesis and potential evasion from these mechanisms... Read More

Xenopus Models of Organogenesis and Disease

Image Research into human development depends on the use of animal model systems which share many of the same developmental pathways as Homo sapiens. Two species of clawed frog, Xenopus laevis and Xenopus tropicalis, have become pillars of modern biological research and are extensively used for developmental biology, cell biology, genetics, physiology, biochemistry, toxicology, and small molecule screens. Historically, Xenopus laevis has been used due to its numerous experimental advantages, including short generation time, large clutch sizes, robust and manipulable embryos, and low cost. Its large oocytes and embryos are also well suited to biochemical and cell biological studies, both cell-free... Read More

Pharmacokinetics

Image Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Education is an Open Access, peer–reviewed, academic journal which has a wide range of fields creating a platform for the authors to publish relatively reliable source of information on recent discoveries, review articles, original articles etc. and provides free online access to the researchers worldwide. Pharmacokinetics describes how the body affects a specific xenobiotic/chemical after administration through the mechanisms of absorption and distribution, as well as the metabolic changes of the substance in the body (e.g. by metabolic enzymes such as cytochrome P450 or glucuronosyltransferase enzymes), and the effects and routes of excretion of the metabolites... Read More

What to know about a hysterectomy

Image What to know about a hysterectomy A hysterectomy is a standard surgical procedure that involves the complete or partial removal of a person’s uterus. A person may require a hysterectomy for one of several reasons. The surgery can help treat chronic pain conditions, as well as certain types of cancers and infections. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), hysterectomies are very common, with 1 in 3 women in the United States having had one by the age of 60. A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that completely or partially removes a person’s uterus. The uterus,... Read More

NIH Adapts to COVID-19 Pandemic

Image NIH Adapts to COVID-19 Pandemic With the severe disruption to research activity due to the COVID-19 pandemic causing strain at labs across the country, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has had to quickly address the situation for the workforce while also mobilizing to support research activities related to the virus and comorbidities. Despite the extreme challenge of the situation, the NIH has remained accessible and extramural staff are working hard to share information with the research community, process grant applications, make awards, and continue operations while working remotely. Recognizing that extramural research labs are operating at a significantly... Read More

Integrated Circuit (IC), Design and Assembly

Image Integrated Circuit (IC), Design and Assembly American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Below we have discussed about Integrated Circuits and designs. Definition An integrated circuit (IC) is a small semiconductor-based electronic device consisting of fabricated transistors, resistors and capacitors. Integrated circuits are the building blocks of most electronic devices and equipment. An integrated circuit is also known as a chip or microchip. An integrated circuit is built with the primary objective of embedding as many transistors as possible on a... Read More

Data visualization and data visualization tools and software

Image Data visualization and data visualization tools and software American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Below we have discussed about Data visualization Data visualization is the graphical representation of information and data. By using visual elements like charts, graphs, and maps, data visualization tools provide an accessible way to see and understand trends, outliers, and patterns in data. In the world of Big Data, data visualization tools and technologies are essential to analyze massive amounts of information and make data-driven decisions. Data visualization... Read More

Heroes of Chemistry’ recognized

Image Scientists who developed products that have led to significant advancements in medicine, separation technology and semiconductor manufacturing are this year’s inductees of the Heroes of Chemistry.. The advances from AST Products, DuPont and Janssen benefit both patients and consumers, and again highlight the importance of the chemical sciences in all areas of industry. The Heroes of Chemistry program recognizes scientists whose innovative work in chemistry and chemical engineering leads to commercial products that benefit the world. The 2020 Heroes of Chemistry exemplify the spirit of innovation and creativity that is crucial to developing solutions that improve the lives of people worldwide.... Read More

COVID-19: A wake-up call

Image Over 80% of synthetic compounds used to make pharmaceuticals sold in Europe start from China or India. When COVID-19 developed in Wuhan and spread over the globe, specialists stressed over interruption of the medication gracefully chain. Presently, countries are reevaluating their reliance on different nations for pharmaceutical fixings and completed medications. In February 2020, as isolates became effective to lessen the spread of the new coronavirus, numerous compound plants across China had to close or work with a decreased workforce for a considerable length of time. In any case, the disturbance has had shockingly little impact so far on the... Read More

Evolutionary psychology

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis. The Journal of Dual Diagnosis mainly focuses in the field of Substance Use Disorder, co-occurring disorders, dementia, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimer Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, and Anxiety Diagnosis. It is an area of great interest for specialists in addiction medicine, as patients with dual diagnosis pose special diagnostic and management... Read More

Myocarditis, also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy

Image Myocarditis, also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy, is inflammation of the heart muscle. Symptoms can include shortness of breath, chest pain, decreased ability to exercise, and an irregular heartbeat. The duration of problems can vary from hours to months. Complications may include heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy or cardiac arrest. Myocarditis is most often due to a viral infection. Causes include bacterial infections, certain medications, toxins, and autoimmune disorders. A diagnosis may be supported by an electrocardiogram (ECG), increased troponin, heart MRI, and occasionally a heart biopsy. An ultrasound of the heart is important to rule out other potential causes... Read More

Endocarditis: inflammation of the inner layer of the heart

Image Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium. It usually involves the heart valves. Other structures that may be involved include the interventricular septum, the chordae tendineae, the mural endocardium, or the surfaces of intracardiac devices. Endocarditis is characterized by lesions, known as vegetations, which is a mass of platelets, fibrin, microcolonies of microorganisms, and scant inflammatory cells In the subacute form of infective endocarditis, the vegetation may also include a center of granulomatous tissue, which may fibrose or calcify. The simplest classification is based on cause: either infective or non-infective, depending on whether a... Read More

New device simulates feel of walls, solid objects in virtual reality

Image Author Name: Desrina R Category Name: Science and Technology By locking the strings when the user's hand is near a virtual wall, for instance, the device simulates the sense of touching the wall. Similarly, the string mechanism enables people to feel the contours of a virtual sculpture, sense resistance when they push on a piece of furniture or even give a high five to a virtual character. Cathy Fang, who will graduate from CMU next month with a joint degree in mechanical engineering and human-computer interaction, said the shoulder-mounted device takes advantage of spring-loaded strings to reduce weight, consume... Read More

A new machine learning method streamlines particle accelerator operations

Image Author Name: Desrina R Category Name: Science and Technology Experiments at LCLS run around the clock, in two 12-hour shifts per day. At the start of each shift, operators must tweak the accelerator's performance to prepare the X-ray beam for the next experiment. Sometimes, additional tweaking is needed during a shift as well. In the past, operators have spent hundreds of hours each year on this task, called accelerator tuning. Now, SLAC researchers have developed a new tool, using machine learning, that may make part of the tuning process five times faster compared to previous methods Tuning the beam... Read More

Journal of Medical Toxicology and Clinical Forensic Medicine’s Highlights

Image Journal of Medical Toxicology and Clinical Forensic Medicine’s Highlights Journal of Medical Toxicology and Clinical Forensic Medicine is a Scholarly Open Access scientific journal which deals with both toxicology and Forensic medicine. Medical Toxicology is nothing but a medical subspecialty concentrating on the analysis, supervision and prevention of harming and additional adversative health issues due to medicines, work-related and ecological contaminants, and organic causes. Clinical Forensic Medicine (CFM) is a health field which deals with the collaboration of clinical medicine and the law. It also involved in the examination of healthcare doctors who are believed to be impaired or may... Read More

Journal of Medical Research and Health Education’s Highlights

Image Journal of Medical Research and Health Education’s Highlights   Journal of Medical Research & Health Education is an open access, online, peer reviewed international journal with a primary objective to reach the health sciences professionals with genuine and reliable source of data on current research on medicine and health education.   The journal includes wide branches of Medicine such as surgery, internal medicine, cardiology, orthopedics, infectious diseases and HIV/AIDs, obstetrics and gynaecology, oncology, and neurology, immunology, anaesthesia, cardiovascular medicine, complementary medicine, dentistry and oral medicine, pathology, pharmacology and therapeutics, dermatology, respiratory medicine, rheumatology, drugs and medicines, ear, nose and throat/otolaryngology,... Read More

Journal of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention’s Highlights

Image Journal of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention’s Highlights Cancer Epidemiology represents the study of factors responsible for the initiation, metastasis and prognosis of various types of cancer. Epidemiological research findings on cancer can facilitate the formulation of suitable therapeutic treatment methods and preventive medicines for cancer. Journal of Cancer Epidemiology & Prevention is a peer reviewed scholarly journal that focuses on the publication of research findings on the role of carcinogens and oncogenes in the manifestation of cancer. Manuscripts showcasing the adept cancer vaccines and their effectiveness in the prevention of cancer are solicited. The scope of the journal includes cancer... Read More

A recent study on Acute Kidney Injury and COVID-19: Challenges and Management

Image A recent study on Acute Kidney Injury and COVID-19: Challenges and Management Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders, urinary tract infections as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common among COVID-19 patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), and it is challenging to manage. The American Society of Nephrology (ASN) recently conducted a webinar on the topic with recommendations for in-hospital management. Other studies and news reports highlight demands and shortages for... Read More

Explanation about Opioids are more harmful than NSAIDs (Chronic Kidney Disease)

Image Explanation about Opioids are more harmful than NSAIDs (Chronic Kidney Disease) The journal of Nephrology and Urology invites different types of articles including original research article, review articles, short note communications, case reports, Editorials, letters to the Editors and expert opinions & commentaries from different regions for publication. To submit a new manuscript authors should use the online submission system. Authors may submit their manuscript via online tracking system through Online Manuscript Submission System or as an attachment to: nephrology@emedscholar.com Opioid use is more strongly associated with adverse events than non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)... Read More

Pharmacovigilance

Image Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Education is an Open Access, peer–reviewed, academic journal which has a wide range of fields creating a platform for the authors to publish relatively reliable source of information on recent discoveries, review articles, original articles etc. and provides free online access to the researchers worldwide. Pharmacovigilance is the pharmacological science relating to the collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects with pharmaceutical products. The activity that is most commonly associated with pharmacovigilance (PV), and which consumes a significant amount of resources for drug regulatory authorities (or similar government agencies)... Read More

Environmental science

Image Environmental science Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecologybiologyphysicschemistryplant sciencezoologymineralogyoceanographylimnologysoil sciencegeology and physical geography, and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems. Environmental science emerged from the fields of natural history and medicine during the Enlightenment.[1] Today it provides an integrated, quantitative, and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental systems.... Read More

Thermal oxidizer

Image Thermal oxidizer A thermal oxidizer (also known as thermal oxidiser, or thermal incinerator) is a process unit for air pollution control in many chemical plants that decomposes hazardous gases at a high temperature and releases them into the atmosphere. Thermal oxidizers are typically used to destroy hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from industrial air streams . These pollutants are generally hydrocarbon based and when destroyed via thermal combustion they are chemically oxidized to form CO2 and H2O. Three main factors in designing the effective thermal oxidizers are temperature, residence time, and turbulence. The... Read More

North pole soon to be ice free in summer

Image Description As Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to welcome you to Our Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies. The Journal of Environmental and Toxicology Studies aims to spread knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Eco-Toxicology. The open access journal is published by Insight Medical Publishing who hosts open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes conferences that hosts the work of researchers in a manner that exemplifies the highest standards in research integrity. Abstract The research team has analyzed recent results from... Read More

Chromatography is the most widely used separation technique in microbiology laboratories

Image Chromatography is the most widely used separation technique in chemical laboratories, where it is used in analysis, isolation and purification, and it is commonly used in the chemical process industry as a component of small and large-scale production. In terms of scale, at one extreme minute quantities of less than a nanogram are separated and identified during analysis, while at the other, hundreds of kilograms of material per hour are processed into refined products. It is the versatility of chromatography in its many variants that is behind its ubiquitous status in separation science, coupled with simplicity of approach and a... Read More

Recent approaches for treatment of Infectious Diseases

Image Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology be held by Imed Pub Publishing SL which is one of the leading international publishers of open access journals. We are overjoyed to promulgate that our Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology got outstretched for 5 volumes which is an enormous triumph on account of esteemed authors who made endowment to our journal more honored. The problem of antibiotic resistance in bacteria has reached the crisis stage. Coincident with ever-increasing rates of resistance to conventional antibiotics is the slowing in development of novel-acting antibiotics by the pharmaceutical industry. The convergence of these trends has led... Read More

Role of Multimedia in Computer science

Image Role of Multimedia in Computer science American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Here we discuss about Multimedia. Multimedia is more than one concurrent presentation medium (for example, on CD-ROM or a Web site). Although still images are a different medium than text, multimedia is typically used to mean the combination of text, sound, and/or motion video. Some people might say that the addition of animated images (for example, animated GIF on the Web) produces multimedia, but it has typically meant one... Read More

Artificial Intelligence | Applications

Image Artificial Intelligence | Applications American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Here we discuss about Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is a way of making a computer, a computer-controlled robot, or a software think intelligently, in the similar manner the intelligent humans think. AI is accomplished by studying how human brain thinks, and how humans learn, decide, and work while trying to solve a problem, and then using the outcomes of this study as a basis of developing intelligent software and systems. Philosophy... Read More

Quasi-Mono-Energetic Electron Beams from a Laser–Driven Argon Clustered Gas Target for Radiation Medicine

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

E. coli superbug strains can persist in healthy women's guts

Image E. coli superbug strains can persist in healthy women's guts A study of over 1,000 healthy women with no urinary tract infection symptoms showed nearly 9% carried multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli strains in their guts. Additional findings highlight likely reasons behind the pandemic of resistant E. coli strains. They show the value of checking a patients' carrier-status to predict resistant infections, and the need to re-think the clinical significance of bacteria in the urine without symptoms, because pandemic strains can be highly pathogenic to the urinary system and treatment resistant. Full Story: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190723182245.htm Journal of Women’s Health and... Read More

CALORIMETRIC SENSOR

Image Calorimetric sensors are based on measurement of the heat produced by the molecular recognition reaction and the amount of heat produced is correlated to the reactant concentration. The principle of the calorimetric sensors is the determination of the presence or concentration of chemical species by the measurement of the enthalpy change produced by any chemical reaction or physisorption process that releases or absorbs heat. We talk about exothermic reactions if heat is generated and endothermic reactions if it is absorbed Calorimetric sensors have been described for enzyme reactions for detecting glucoses, urea, gases, etc. The thermal conductivity gas sensor has long... Read More

Role of long non-coding RNA in T1DM

Image Role of long non-coding RNA in T1DM The precise mechanism that initiates the autoimmune response that leads to type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is unknown. Many of the genetic associations that have been identified so far are in non-coding regions of the genome; however, their contribution to T1DM pathogenesis has not been studied in detail. A new study has now characterized a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that is associated with T1DM. The researchers focused on alleles of Lnc13, which has previously been associated with T1DM. They used a range of techniques to characterize the lncRNA in vitro. “Moreover, we... Read More

POTENTIOMETRIC SENSOR

Image A potentiometric sensor is a type of chemical sensor that may be used to determine the analytical concentration of some components of the analyte gas or solution. These sensors measure the electrical potential of an electrode when no current is present. PRINCIPLE The signal is measured as the potential difference (voltage) between the working electrode and the reference electrode. The working electrode's potential must depend on the concentration of the analyte in the gas or solution phase. The reference electrode is needed to provide a defined reference potential. CLASSIFICATION Potentiometric solid state gas sensors have been generally classified into three broad groups. Type I sensors have an electrolyte containing mobile ions of the chemical species... Read More

Cognition and neuroimaging in schizophrenia

Image Last year we edited a Frontiers Research Topic on “An update on neurocognitive impairment in schizophrenia and depression”. We are now following-up this initiative with a new invitation, focusing on “Cognition and neuroimaging in schizophrenia”, thus narrowing the focus on schizophrenia, but expanding the focus to functional and structural neuroimaging to reveal the underlying neuronal architecture behind cognitive impairments. A second focus is closing in on auditory hallucinations and "hearing voices" in the general population by non-psychotic individuals. This has become an important topic in research on schizophrenia and could cast new light on commonalities in symptom-like behavior in non-clinical... Read More

Mapping the pathophysiology of schizophrenia: interactions between multiple cellular pathways

Image Schizophrenia is a complex disorder involving dysregulation of multiple pathways in its pathophysiology. Dopaminergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmitter systems are affected in schizophrenia and interactions between these receptors contribute to the pathophysiology of the disease. Deficits in acetylcholine muscarinic receptors have been identified in a sub-group of individuals with schizophrenia. Inflammation has also been found to play a major role in the development and exacerbation of psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia. Additionally, evidence from genetic, post-mortem and animal studies over the past decade has identified a number of susceptibility factors for schizophrenia, including neuregulin 1 (Nrg1) and its receptor ErbB4, disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1... Read More

Femoral Shaft Fractures Caused by High Velocity Missiles: Trauma Significance

Image A femoral fracture is a fracture of the bone, involving the femur. In high-impact injuries, such as car collisions, they are usually caused because of the vast amount of force required to crack the bone. Diaphysis fractures, or the center of the femur, are treated differently from those at the back, neck and trochanter Signs and symptoms: Fractures are commonly noticeable, since high-energy trauma also causes femoral fractures. Signs of fracture include swelling, leg shortening and deformity. Extensive damage, bleeding, and shock to the soft tissues are normal. The most common symptom is extreme pain, which hinders leg movement. Treatment:... Read More

Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding from a Dieulafoy Lesion in the Anorectal Junction

Image Dieulafoy's lesion is a medical condition that is most generally characterized by a large tortuous arteriole in the stomach wall (submucosal), which erodes and bleeds. It can occur in any section of the gastrointestinal tract. It can cause stomach hemorrhage but is very rare. It is known to cause less than 5 percent of all adult gastrointestinal bleeds. Diagnosis: Due to the irregular pattern of bleeding a Dieulafoy's lesion is difficult to diagnose. The lesion caused by Dieulafoy is normally detected during endoscopic examination, generally during upper endoscopy. During colonoscopy, lesions which affect the colon or end of the small... Read More

Reminiscence Therapy on Depressive Symptoms: Mood Disorders

Image Depression is a minor depression state and an aversion to action. It may influence the emotions, behaviour, motivation, feelings and sense of well-being of an individual. It can be sad, difficult to think and focus, and substantially increase or decrease the appetite and time spent sleeping. A mood disorder is a mental health problem which mainly affects the emotional state of a individual. It's a condition where an person experiences long periods of extreme joy, extreme sadness, or both. Depending on the situation it is common for someone's mood to shift A mental health condition characterized by persistently depressed mood... Read More

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): War Trauma

Image Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric illness that can occur when an person is subjected to a traumatic incident, such as sexual harassment, fighting, traffic accidents, child violence, or other life-threats. Symptoms may involve unsettling thoughts, feelings. We know the wounds of war are not limited to the field of battle. Refugees from conflict zones also tend to suffer long-term trauma from persecution, detention, torture and resettlement. Thus, understanding the challenges faced by the refugee families and communities is relevant. The piece discusses several post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Whatever the ethnic or cultural context, psychological trauma from war is... Read More

Herb content to amateur scientists

Image 1. Harmonic Arts Botanical Dispensary This article wouldn’t be complete without Canadian representation in the field. I am Canadian after all. Harmonic Arts is located on my own home sweet home of Vancouver Island, BC, Canada. Founded and run by herbalist Yarrow Willard, son of well-known herbalist and teacher Terry Willard of Wild Rose College, Harmonic Arts not only offers high-quality bulk herbs and formulated products, but great educational articles, videos, presentations, and teachings. Yarrow, Angela, and Terry Willard were in fact presenters at our local Vancouver Island Herb Gathering in Comox BC this year. Harmonic Arts blog covers topics... Read More

Herbs for learning beginners

Image 1. Chestnut School of Herbal Medicine I love love love Juliet Blankespoor’s sweet and wacky sense of humor, and in fact, it is what captured my attention on this blog in the first place. This is a blog with personality. It is full of great articles about specific herbs, recipes, gardening and growing, and of course her online herbalist courses. Juliet’s blog and courses are complimented by beautiful photos and videos which make them thoroughly enjoyable. I understand that this is another passion and skill she has developed, which makes this blog all the more dear to my heart, as... Read More

Mental Health Repercussions of COVID-19 and Social Distancing

Image After the first case of novel coronavirus disease, 2019 (COVID-19) was diagnosed in December 2019, it has galvanized global action and spread across the globe. This has prompted unprecedented attempts to introduce the practice of physical distancing (called "social distancing" in most cases) in countries around the world, leading to shifts in national behavioral norms and shutdowns of normal day-to-day functioning. While these steps may be crucial in reducing the spread of this disease, they will certainly have both short- and long-term implications for mental health and well-being. Such implications are of significant concern to warrant... Read More

latest published Research article in Interventional Radiology

Image The thoracic duct (TD), as the largest lymphatic vessel, drains approximately three quarters of the body’s lymph into the venous system. In general, the thoracic duct derives from retroperitoneal cisterna chyli, ascends along the spine, and terminates in the venous angle, the region of the junction of the internal jugular vein and the subclavian vein. The cisterna chyli, as a conduit for the lipid products of digestion by receiving fatty chyle from the intestines, results from the convergence of two lumbar lymphatic trunks and the intestinal trunk. The cisterna chyli is a dilated sac located posterior... Read More

Research on Imaging, Interventional Radiology

Image Internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare pathologies. Endovascular treatment of these disorders is new and emerging field of interventional neurology. A 50 year old male presented to our unit with progressive headaches, visual disturbance and panhypopituitarism. Investigations revealed a giant fusiform right cavernous internal artery aneurysm (39 x 33 x 37 mm). He underwent endovascular treatment with a Surpass flow diverting stent and subsequently developed a cavernous sinus syndrome and carotid-venous fistula. A novel stent-in-stent technique was utilized and a Surpass Streamline 3 x 25 mm flow-diverting stent was placed across the fistulating zone of the initial stent, with clinical... Read More

Echocardiography has become routinely used in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients

Image Echocardiography has become routinely used in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients with any suspected or known heart diseases. It is one of the most widely used diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can provide a wealth of helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart (internal chamber size quantification), pumping capacity, and the location and extent of any tissue damage. An echocardiogram can also give physicians other estimates of heart function, such as a calculation of the cardiac output, ejection fraction, and diastolic function (how well the heart relaxes). Echocardiography can help detect cardiomyopathies, such as hypertrophic... Read More

Cardiac electrophysiology is the science of elucidating, diagnosing, and treating the electrical activities of the heart

Image Cardiac electrophysiology is the science of elucidating, diagnosing, and treating the electrical activities of the heart. The term is usually used to describe studies of such phenomena by invasive (intracardiac) catheter recording of spontaneous activity as well as of cardiac responses to programmed electrical stimulation (PES). These studies are performed to assess complex arrhythmias, elucidate symptoms, evaluate abnormal electrocardiograms, assess risk of developing arrhythmias in the future, and design treatment. These procedures increasingly include therapeutic methods (typically radiofrequency ablation, or cryoablation) in addition to diagnostic and prognostic procedures. Other therapeutic modalities employed in this field include antiarrhythmic drug therapy and... Read More

developments in the psychology of crowds and collective behavior

Image The Journal of Dual Diagnosis: Open Access (ISSN:2472-5048) is going to Celebrate Four years of anniversary in the year 2020, It aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Dual diagnosis. The Journal of Dual Diagnosis mainly focuses in the field of Substance Use Disorder, co-occurring disorders, dementia, Dual Diagnosis Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis of Depression, Autism Diagnosis, Alzheimer Diagnosis, Schizophrenia Diagnosis, Psychiatric Diagnosis, and Anxiety Diagnosis. It is an area of great interest for specialists in addiction medicine, as patients with dual diagnosis pose special diagnostic and management... Read More

Biochemical structures

Image The DNA-protein complex of cell cores, chromatin, is dense to chromosomes during cell division. In a given cell just a piece of the hereditary message in DNA is deciphered, a reality which should likewise be identified with basic changes in the chromatin. Information on chromatin structure is subsequently vital for a comprehension of the control elements of the cell. Chromatin is too enormous a sub-atomic total to permit a direct basic assurance even by the strategy for Klug. With his collaborators, Klug has, nonetheless, prevailing with regards to separating chromatin to pieces which are sufficiently little to be concentrated by... Read More

Portraying The Building Blocks of Life

Image Life is a synthetic marvel. Living life forms are the most confounded of every single substance framework known to man. Rather than the dead issue which encompasses us, life is described by a high level of request and association. The structure squares of the cell are to an enormous degree goliath particles (macromolecules) in which a huge number of iotas involve a novel plan in space explicit for every substance. The cell additionally contains requested structures, organelles, which are huge totals of various macromolecules, and numerous significant biochemical capacities are related with such atomic totals. As models might be referenced... Read More

Corrosion fatigue

Image Corrosion fatigue is fatigue in a corrosive environment. It is the mechanical degradation of a material under the joint action of corrosion and cyclic loading. Nearly all engineering structures experience some form of alternating stress, and are exposed to harmful environments during their service life. The environment plays a significant role in the fatigue of high-strength structural materials like steel, aluminum alloys and titanium alloys. Materials with high specific strength are being developed to meet the requirements of advancing technology. However, their usefulness depends to a large extent on the degree to which they resist corrosion fatigue. The phenomenon should not be confused with stress corrosion cracking, where... Read More

Fast ion conductor : Mechanism and classification

Image FAST ION CONDUCTOR Fast ion conductors are solids with highly mobile ions. These materials are important in the area of solid-state ionics, and are also known as solid electrolytes and superionic conductors. These materials are useful in batteries and various sensors. Fast ion conductors are used primarily in solid oxide fuel cells. As solid electrolytes they allow the movement of ions without the need for a liquid or soft membrane separating the electrodes. The phenomenon relies on the hopping of ions through an otherwise rigid crystal structure. MECHANISM Fast ion conductors are intermediate in nature between crystalline solids which possess a regular structure with immobile ions, and liquid electrolytes which have... Read More

Reversion-Inducing Cysteine-Rich Protein With Kazal Motifs (RECK) In Angiogenesis Of Microvessels In Glioblastoma

Image Reversion-Inducing Cysteine-Rich Protein With Kazal Motifs (RECK) In Angiogenesis Of Microvessels In Glioblastoma Reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) may play a role in tumor angiogenesis. Glioblastomas, the most malignant type of primary brain tumor, are highly vascularized. Little is known about the role of RECK in angiogenesis of glioblastomas. The aims of this study were to characterize RECK expression and investigate the role of RECK in glioblastomas. Tumor samples from 50 patients with glioblastoma and brain tissue samples from neurologically normal controls were immunohistochemically stained for RECK, CD34, and vascular... Read More

Nuclear magnetic resonance

Image Nuclear magnetic resonance Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a method of physical observation in which nuclei in a strong constant magnetic field are perturbed by a weak oscillating magnetic field (in the near field and therefore not involving electromagnetic waves[1]) and respond by producing an electromagnetic signal with a frequency characteristic of the magnetic field at the nucleus. This process occurs near resonance, when the oscillation frequency matches the intrinsic frequency of the nuclei, which depends on the strength of the static magnetic field, the chemical environment, and the magnetic properties of... Read More

The pandemic could lead to positive changes in how healthcare is delivered among home dialysis

Image The pandemic could lead to positive changes in how healthcare is delivered among home dialysis Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders. The journal is bringing the new updates and great studies on the respective field and teaching to viewers about the awareness of infections.   To submit a new manuscript authors should use the online submission system. Authors may submit their manuscript via online tracking system through Online Manuscript Submission System or as an attachment to: ... Read More

Allopurinol was not associated with improvement in biomarkers of kidney function or damage in patients.

Image Allopurinol was not associated with improvement in biomarkers of kidney function or damage in patients. The analysis evaluated a previous double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of 80 patients (aged 18 to 74 years old) with stage 3 CKD (eGFR between 30 mL/min/1.732 to 59 mL/min/1.732) and asymptomatic hyperuricemia (serum uric acid levels 7 mg/dL or more for men, 6 mg/dL or more for women). Patients were randomized to either receive allopurinol or a placebo during the 12-week study period (100 mg/day in the first week, 200 mg/day in the second week and 300 mg/day for weeks 3 through 12). Of the... Read More

NMR spectroscopy

Image NMR spectroscopy Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, most commonly known as NMR spectroscopy or magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), is a spectroscopic technique to observe local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei. The sample is placed in a magnetic field and the NMR signal is produced by excitation of the nuclei sample with radio waves into nuclear magnetic resonance, which is detected with sensitive radio receivers. The intramolecular magnetic field around an atom in a molecule changes the resonance frequency, thus giving access to details of the electronic structure of a molecule and its individual functional groups. As the fields are... Read More

Stabilizing brain-computer interfaces

Image Author Name: Desrina R Category Name: Science and Technology Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) are devices that enable individuals with motor disabilities such as paralysis to control prosthetic limbs, computer cursors, and other interfaces using only their minds. One of the biggest problems facing BCI used in a clinical setting is instability in the neural recordings themselves. Over time, the signals picked up by BCI can vary, and a result of this variation is that an individual can lose the ability to control their BCI. As a result of this loss of control, researchers ask the user to go through a... Read More

Organic memory devices show promise for flexible, wearable

Image Author Name: Desrina R Category Name: Science and Technology It is important for us to understand that the computing platforms of today will not be able to sustain at-scale implementations of AI algorithms on massive datasets."Today's computing is way too energy-intensive to handle big data. We need to rethink our approaches to computation on all levels: materials, devices and architecture that can enable ultralow energy computing." Brain-inspired electronics with organic memristors could offer a functionally promising and cost- effective platform, according to Venkatesan. Memristive devices are electronic devices with an inherent memory that are capable of both storing... Read More

Berberis Ceylanica Schneider: A Rich Source of Berberine with Antimicrobial Properties Article

Image Article “Berberis Ceylanica Schneider: A Rich Source of Berberine with Antimicrobial Properties” is published in Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Education. Berberis ceylanica Schneider is an endemic plant to Sri Lanka belonging to the family Berberidaceae Even though B. ceylanica is used in traditional medicinal systems in Sri Lanka, very few research works has been carried out for this plant. There are no records on detailed pharmacognostic evaluation on Berberis ceylanica, as very few scientific studies were not completed up to now. Plant family Berberridaceae comprises 14 genera and 701 species... Read More

Is there a discrepancy between a physical law and the spirometric definition of airflow obstruction?

Image Journal of medical physics and applied sciences is an international peer reviwed journal aiming to publish the most relevant and recent research works across the world. Medical Physicists will contribute to maintaining and improving the quality, safety and cost-effectiveness of healthcare services through patient-oriented activities requiring expert action, involvement or advice regarding the specification, selection, acceptance testing, commissioning, quality assurance/control and optimised clinical use of medical devices and regarding patient risks and protection from associated physical agents (e.g. x-rays, electromagnetic fields, laser light, radionuclides) including the prevention of unintended or accidental exposures; all activities will be based on current... Read More

lamina propria by chronic inflammatory cells: A case report

Image Abstract Malakoplakia is an unusual chronic inflammatory condition that commonly occurs as a complication in immunocompromised patients. It is associated with bacterial infection, specifically Escherichia coli. Gastrointestinal malakoplakia in patients with organ transplant has rarely been described in the literature. We report the case of a 55-year-old male patient who had an orthotropic liver transplant 2 years before presentation and had been taking a combination of tacrolimus and prednisolone. He reported chronic watery diarrhea for the previous 6 months with no history of infection. His colonoscopy showed diffuse multiple mucosal nodules and ulcers appearing in the rectum and throughout the colon. A... Read More

Microscopy of leishman stained smears

Image Case history We are presenting a case of pleural effusion with presence of cholesterol crystals, known as pseudochylothorax or chyliform effusion. Patient was a 56 years old male and a known case of tuberculosis and ischemic heart disease. He took complete anti tubercular treatment one year back. Now the patient presented with shortness of breath. Ultrasonography revealed left sided mild pleural effusion with underlying collapse of lung. Multiple lymph node were also noted in bilateral cervical region largest measuring 1.3x1cm and showing loss of corticomedullary differentiation. Pleural tap was performed and 200 ml of pleural fluid was obtained and sent for Biochemistry... Read More

CONCEPTS IN FORENSIC SCIENCE

Image CONCEPTS IN FORENSIC SCIENCE The ancient world lacked standardized forensic practices, which enabled criminals to escape punishment. Criminal investigations and trials relied heavily on forced confessions and witness testimony. However, ancient sources do contain several accounts of techniques that foreshadow concepts in forensic science developed centuries later. The first written account of using medicine and entomology to solve criminal cases is attributed to the book of Xi Yuan Lu (translated as Washing Away of Wrongs), written in China in 1248 by Song Ci (宋慈, 1186–1249), a director of justice, jail and supervision, during the song dynasty.  Song Ci introduced regulations concerning autopsy reports to court, how to protect the evidence... Read More

Medical Toxicology and Clinical Forensic Medicine: Call for Paper

Image Medical Toxicology and Clinical Forensic Medicine: Call for Paper Journal of Medical Toxicology and Clinical Forensic Medicine is a Scholarly Open Access scientific journal which deals with both toxicology and Forensic medicine. Medical Toxicology is nothing but a medical subspecialty concentrating on the analysis, supervision and prevention of harming and additional adversative health issues due to medicines, work-related and ecological contaminants, and organic causes. Clinical Forensic Medicine (CFM) is a health field which deals with the collaboration of clinical medicine and the law. It also involved in the examination of healthcare doctors who are believed to be impaired or may... Read More

FUNDAMENTALS OF RADIOLOGY

Image FUNDAMENTALS OF RADIOLOGY What is radiology? Radiology is a medical specialty that uses imaging to diagnose and treat diseases seen within the body. Radiologists use a variety of imaging techniques such as X-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine including positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose and/or treat diseases. Who is a radiologist? A radiologist is a specially trained doctor who interprets diagnostic imaging to guide the management of disease. If you have an interventional procedure (such as an angiogram or biopsy) a specially trained radiologist called an interventional radiologist will perform the procedure. Radiologists provide... Read More

BEHAVIOURAL CHANGES

Image BEHAVIOURAL CHANGES Human behavior is the response of individuals or groups of humans to internal and external stimuli. It refers to the array of every physical action and observable emotion associated with individuals, as well as the human race. While specific traits of one's personality and temperament may be more consistent, other behaviors will change as one moves from birth through adulthood. In addition to being dictated by age and genetics, behavior, driven in part by thoughts and feelings, is an insight into individual psyche, revealing among other things attitudes and values. Social behavior, a subset of human behavior, study the considerable influence of social interaction and culture. Additional influences include ethics, social environment, authority, persuasion and coercion.  The behavior of humans (and... Read More

HOW CANCER BEGINS

Image HOW CANCER BEGINS Cells are the basic units that make up the human body. Cells grow and divide to make new cells as the body needs them. Usually, cells die when they get too old or damaged. Then, new cells take their place. Cancer begins when genetic changes interfere with this orderly process. Cells start to grow uncontrollably. These cells may form a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but will... Read More

ROLE OF MUTATION IN GENES

Image ROLE OF MUTATION IN GENES Carcinogenesis is a multi-stage process in which damage to a cell’s genetic material changes the cell from normal to malignant. The damage gradually accumulates in the cell’s growth regulatory system. Cancer begins with a genetic defect. Human’s genetic factors, meaning genes, are located within the cell structures called chromosomes. Genes control cell functions, such as their distribution. Genes may undergo changes, or mutations, if the cell’s regulatory system fails. A single genetic fault will not usually be enough to cause cancer. Cancer develops when mutations take place in genes that play a crucial role in... Read More

The Influence of Carbohydrate in Foods and Beverages for Infants and Adults

Image The Influence of Carbohydrate in Foods and Beverages for Infants and Adults When looking back the human history for 7 million years, foods have been mostly the meat and bones of the animals. Their elements were proteins and lipids, and carbohydrate intake was rare. The fight against hunger lasted for long and blood glucose level had been maintained low. During hunting and life-threatening stress, it was necessary to raise blood glucose, but opportunity to lower blood glucose was rare. However, 10,000 years ago, grain cultivation began and spread, and then the population exploded in the world. The first industrial... Read More

New approaches for the treatment of Infectious Diseases

Image Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology be held by Imed Pub Publishing SL which is one of the leading international publishers of open access journals. We are overjoyed to promulgate that our Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology got outstretched for 5 volumes which is an enormous triumph on account of esteemed authors who made endowment to our journal more honored. The problem of antibiotic resistance in bacteria has reached the crisis stage. Coincident with ever-increasing rates of resistance to conventional antibiotics is the slowing in development of novel-acting antibiotics by the pharmaceutical industry. The convergence of these trends has led... Read More

Treatment of Massive Pontine Hemorrhage

Image One of the most common sites of spontaneous intracranial bleeding is the pons. Lesion at the pons may cause significant neurological deficits as you can see at the ER department or Stroke unit. As a part of the brainstem, the pons relays neural signal from cerebrum and cerebellum to organs all over the body. It connects with the reticular formation, cardiovascular and respiratory centers, which play important roles necessary for life. Until now, there are no standard treatment guidelines for the Primary Pontine Hemorrhage (PPH). Yet, there are many retrospective studies about the correlation between the mortality rate and the... Read More

Promotion of Health and Reproductive Medicine Related to Women

Image Promotion of Health and Reproductive Medicine Related to Women Journal of Women’s Health and Reproductive Medicine is an internationally peer-reviewed open access journal. The vision of the journal is to explore clinical, medical, social and economic aspects of female reproductive health and medication worldwide. Journal will publish high-quality research papers, as well as reviews, book reviews and short technical notes to help in progress of all the scientific field mentioned above. Full Text: https://www.imedpub.com/articles/promotion-of-health-and-reproductive-medicine-related-to-women.pdf Journal of Women’s Health and Reproductive Medicine is an interdisciplinary journal that explores clinical, medical, social and economic aspects of female reproductive health and... Read More

Operative Stress of Clamp-and-Sew Technique in Traumatic Aortic Rupture

Image Traumatic aortic rupture, also called traumatic aortic damage or transection, is a condition in which, as a result of trauma to the body, the aorta, the main artery in the body, is broken or ruptured. The condition is often fatal because of the profuse bleeding caused by the rupture, Because the aorta branches directly from the heart to supply blood to the rest of the body, the pressure inside it is very high, and the blood in the blood vessel may be squeezed out of a tear very rapidly. That can cause shock and death quickly. Traumatic aortic rupture is... Read More

Treatment of Necrotizing Fasciitis Using External Fixation Material and Vacuum Therapy

Image Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), generally referred to as flesh-eating disease, is an infection that causes the death of sections of soft tissue in the body. It is a serious sudden onset disease which is spreading rapidly. The most frequently infected areas are the limbs and perineum. Symptoms include red or purple skin in the affected area, intense pain, fever and vomiting. The infection usually enters the body through a split in the skin, like a cut or burn. Risk factors include impaired immune function such as diabetes or cancer, obesity, alcoholism, intravenous drug use and peripheral artery disease. Proper wound treatment... Read More

Characterization of Patients with Carotid Artery Trauma

Image Blunt trauma-related carotid artery injuries also cause thrombosis and delayed neurological defects and are associated with mortality rates of up to 40%. In this series of 17 patients with carotid blunt trauma, three had no symptoms, ten patients had paresis of the limbs and four had significant neurologic deficits. Extreme arterial injuries are characterized by life-threatening hemorrhage or ischemia which leads to loss of limbs. The extreme venous damage, in sharp contrast, is represented by hemorrhage but not ischemia. Bleeding can be internal or external, and can rarely result in a hypovolemic shock. Blunt trauma is a physical wound to... Read More

Ideal of Fuzzy Inference System and Manifold Deterioration Using Genetic Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization

Image Ideal of Fuzzy Inference System and Manifold Deterioration Using Genetic Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is devoted to the publication referred papers on cutting-edge research in all the scientific areas of Computer Engineering and novel insights into its technology.  Journal intends to provide its researchers, practitioners and academics the latest and remarkable researches made by different scientists and industrial experts by providing free access to the... Read More

Analysis for Controlling Belt Deviation in Conveyor System

Image Analysis for Controlling Belt Deviation in Conveyor System American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is devoted to the publication referred papers on cutting-edge research in all the scientific areas of Computer Engineering and novel insights into its technology.  Journal intends to provide its researchers, practitioners and academics the latest and remarkable researches made by different scientists and industrial experts by providing free access to the published articles. Belt conveyors are, in most... Read More

Heritable Response to Stress - Genetic and Epigenetic Regulation of Stress Tolerance in Plants

Image As sessile organisms, plants are continuously exposed to environmental stress. Since stress avoidance is not an option, plants evolved as organisms that very efficiently acclimate and adapt to stress. Although the mechanism of stress response may be genetically predefined, organisms are capable to modify their responses with various epigenetic changes. Plants are especially flexible in this respect since they do not have a predetermined germ line and thus life experiences in the form of epigenetic memory can be more efficiently passed to the progeny. Indeed, the plasticity of plant phenotypes cannot be simply explained by genetic changes such as point... Read More

Pathophysiology of Rare Hemolytic Anemias

Image Hereditary hemolytic anemia is a heterogeneous group of diseases, many of which are rare or very rare. Roughly, these diseases can be subdivided into defects affecting the red cell’s major component (hemoglobinopathies), membrane and cytoskeleton (membranopathies), metabolism (enzymopathies), or production (hyporegenerative anemia). Intensive research from the recent past has identified numerous mutations in causative genes and has initiated the discovery of other new genes. This has enhanced our knowledge and led to a better understanding of the molecular basis of these diseases. Although much progress has been made, there are still a number of unanswered questions. For example, we are... Read More

Chemical Bology and Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Image Chemical biology is one of several interdisciplinary sciences that tend to differ from older, reductionist fields and whose goals are to achieve a description of scientific holism. Chemical biology has scientific, historical and philosophical roots in medicinal chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, pharmacology, genetics, biochemistry, and metabolic engineering. Chemical biologists used automated synthesis of diverse small molecule libraries in order to perform high-throughput analysis of biological processes. Such experiments may lead to discovery of small molecules with antibiotic or chemotherapeutic properties. These combinatorial chemistry approaches are identical to those employed in the discipline of pharmacology. Many research programs are also... Read More

Anatomical Science and Research

Image The discipline of anatomy is divided into macroscopic and microscopic anatomy. Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy, is the examination of an animal's body parts using unaided eyesight. Gross anatomy also includes the branch of superficial anatomy. Microscopic anatomy involves the use of optical instruments in the study of the tissues of various structures, known as histology, and also in the study of cells. The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body. Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses... Read More

Crystallography and its story

Image Crystallography is the science that inspects gems, which can be found wherever in nature—from salt to snowflakes to gemstones. Crystallographers utilize the properties and inward structures of precious stones to decide the game plan of iotas and produce information that is utilized by scientists, physicists, scholars, and others. Inside the previous century, crystallography has been an essential power in driving significant advances in the point by point comprehension of materials, engineered science, the comprehension of fundamental standards of organic procedures, hereditary qualities, and has added to significant advances in the improvement of medications for various maladies. As a science, crystallography... Read More

Mental illness : Risk factors , Complications

Image Dual Diagnosis: Open Access is an peer-reviewed, open-access scholarly journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. Mental illness, also called mental health disorders, refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples... Read More

Sleep Disorders| Dual Diagnosis

Image Dual Diagnosis: Open Access is an peer-reviewed, open-access scholarly journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with... Read More

Single-gem X-beam crystallography and techniques

Image Single-gem X-beam crystallography is generally viewed as the best quality level for building up the structures of crystalline solids. This technique is utilized to set up patent cases, set up structure-property connections for new mixes, and numerous different applications. In any case, powder crystallography instrumentation and information examination programming have developed in the course of recent years as amazing strategies for researching the structures of materials that can't be concentrated with single-precious stone techniques. Powder techniques are utilized in a wide assortment of examinations, including criminological investigations, distinguishing parts of blends, and recognizing properties of polymers and other inadequately solidified... Read More

Echocardiography uses standard two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart

Image Echocardiography has become routinely used in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients with any suspected or known heart diseases. It is one of the most widely used diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can provide a wealth of helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart (internal chamber size quantification), pumping capacity, and the location and extent of any tissue damage. An echocardiogram can also give physicians other estimates of heart function, such as a calculation of the cardiac output, ejection fraction, and diastolic function (how well the heart relaxes). Echocardiography can help detect cardiomyopathies, such as hypertrophic... Read More

Informatics

Image Informatics Chemical space is a concept in cheminformatics referring to the property space spanned by all possible molecules and chemical compounds adhering to a given set of construction principles and boundary conditions. It contains millions of compounds which are readily accessible and available to researchers. It is a library used in the method of molecular docking. Theoretical spaces A chemical space often referred to in cheminformatics is that of potential pharmacologically active molecules. Its size is estimated to be in the order of 1060 molecules. There are no rigorous methods for determining the precise size of this space. The... Read More

Chemistry

Image Chemistry Structure mining or structured data mining is the process of finding and extracting useful information from semi-structured data sets. Graph mining, sequential pattern mining and molecule mining are special cases of structured data mining[citation needed]. The growth of the use of semi-structured data has created new opportunities for data mining, which has traditionally been concerned with tabular data sets, reflecting the strong association between data mining and relational databases. Much of the world's interesting and mineable data does not easily fold into relational databases, though a generation of software engineers have... Read More

The cardiac electrophysiology study typically measures the response of the injured or cardiomyopathic myocardium

Image Cardiac electrophysiology is the science of elucidating, diagnosing, and treating the electrical activities of the heart. The term is usually used to describe studies of such phenomena by invasive (intracardiac) catheter recording of spontaneous activity as well as of cardiac responses to programmed electrical stimulation (PES). These studies are performed to assess complex arrhythmias, elucidate symptoms, evaluate abnormal electrocardiograms, assess risk of developing arrhythmias in the future, and design treatment. These procedures increasingly include therapeutic methods (typically radiofrequency ablation, or cryoablation) in addition to diagnostic and prognostic procedures. Other therapeutic modalities employed in this field include antiarrhythmic drug therapy and... Read More

Colonic malakoplakia in a liver transplant recipient: A case report

Image Abstract Malakoplakia is an unusual chronic inflammatory condition that commonly occurs as a complication in immunocompromised patients. It is associated with bacterial infection, specifically Escherichia coli. Gastrointestinal malakoplakia in patients with organ transplant has rarely been described in the literature. We report the case of a 55-year-old male patient who had an orthotropic liver transplant 2 years before presentation and had been taking a combination of tacrolimus and prednisolone. He reported chronic watery diarrhea for the previous 6 months with no history of infection. His colonoscopy showed diffuse multiple mucosal nodules and ulcers appearing in the rectum and throughout the colon. A... Read More

Pseudochylothorax: An underdiagnosed entity

Image Case history We are presenting a case of pleural effusion with presence of cholesterol crystals, known as pseudochylothorax or chyliform effusion. Patient was a 56 years old male and a known case of tuberculosis and ischemic heart disease. He took complete anti tubercular treatment one year back. Now the patient presented with shortness of breath. Ultrasonography revealed left sided mild pleural effusion with underlying collapse of lung. Multiple lymph node were also noted in bilateral cervical region largest measuring 1.3x1cm and showing loss of corticomedullary differentiation. Pleural tap was performed and 200 ml of pleural fluid was obtained and sent for Biochemistry... Read More

Cybersecurity, tech infrastructure requires international trust

Image Author Name: Desrina R Category Name: Science and Technology People often think of infrastructure as a set of technologies just sitting there, but in fact they're living technologies -- socio-technical systems that are constantly being maintained by people, and trust is central to that," Slayton said. Most experts agree that state-sponsored hackers in Russia are trying to use the internet to infiltrate the U.S. electrical grid and sabotage elections, yet internet security teams in the U.S. and Europe actively seek to cooperate with their Russian counterparts, focusing on the issues where they can establish mutual trust. "Even though they... Read More

The Firefly Algorithm and Application in Cryptanalysis of Monoalphabetic Substitution Ciphers

Image The Firefly Algorithm and Application in Cryptanalysis of Monoalphabetic Substitution Ciphers American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is devoted to the publication referred papers on cutting-edge research in all the scientific areas of Computer Engineering and novel insights into its technology.  Journal intends to provide its researchers, practitioners and academics the latest and remarkable researches made by different scientists and industrial experts by providing free access to the published articles. In the... Read More